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Medical Prefixes and Suffixes Definitions

TermDefinition
-oid like, resemble
arthr- joint
-osis condition
opt- eye
cyst- sac containing fluid
cyan- blue
burso- sac
-penia decrease
rhin- nose
proct- anus
onych nail
thorac chest
salpingo tube
ubilic navel
typan eardrum or its enclosure
histo- tissue
stoma mouth
gastr stomach
cardi heart
-itis inflammation
dermat skin
plast surgical repair
cerebr- brain
path- disease
-ectomy surgical removal
enter- intestines
-otomy cut into
aden- gland
angi- vessel
-oma tumor
nephr- kidney
hepat- liver
blephar- eyelid
-ologist specialist in the study of
gingiv gum
-malacia soft condition
-ology the study of
spasm involuntary contraction
algia pain
crani skull
end- within
hemi- half
hyper- excessive / above
chole bile
hypo below, decreased
-scop look
hyster uterus, womb
-ostomy create an opening
para- beside
lysis destruction, loosening
cervic neck
chondr cartilage
hem(at) blood
psycho mind
lip- fat
my- muscle
lith- stone
ophthalm eye
cost- rib
-gram record
acro- extremity
-rhexis break / burst
carcin- cancer
gen- original, production
retr(o) backward
trip- rub, friction
strept twist
-desis binding, fixation
mani- madness
gloss- tongue
-trophy development, growth
supra- above
-ptosis falling, drooping
dyn- pain
mast- breast
-rrhaphy suture
dent- teeth
cephal head
auto- self
epi- above
hydro water
lobo- section
-emesis vomiting
contra counter, against
-iasis condition, formation of, presence of
trans through, across, beyond
brady slow
-ectasis expansion
cyt- cell
odont tooth
leuk white
-estesia sensation, feeling
cantho angle at the end of the eyelid
steno narrow, contracted
cheil lip
-cele hernia
benign mild, not cancerous
seme seed
celio- abdomen
erythro red
vaso- vessel
melan black
cauda- tail
lingua- tongue
miring- eardrum
spondyl- spinal column
ovar- egg
-centesis puncture
oto- ear
bili- bile
mening- membrane
cec- blind passage
macu spot
-pexy suspension
onco- tumor
or- mouth
sub- under
spiro- coil
lacrim- tear
viscera- organ
lact- milk
pyle- gate
pyloro gate
vesic bladder
sphenic wedge, wedge shaped
myel marrow
anti- against
myco fungus
hallux- great toe
physio nature
bucc(o) cheek
palpebr eyelid
plasia development or growth
rug wrinkle, fold, crease
aur- ear
acousti hearing, sound
phon- voice, sound
leio- smooth
cor- heart
ren- kidney
orchid- testis
encephala- brain
thalam inner chamber
plexus braid, interweaving or network
cilia eyelash
dendr- tree, branching
pilo hair
Created by: pagesu