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Final exam for med t

Final exam for med term

TermDefinition
Diverticul/o Small blind pouch, divereticulum
Gingv/o Gums
Gloss/o Tongue
Hemi- Half
Hepat/o Liver
Herni/o Hernia
Lapar/o Abdomen
Palat/o Palate, roof of mouth
Pancreat/o Pancreas
-pespia Digestion
Peritone/o Peritoneum, to stretch
Polyp/o A small growth, polpy
Pylor/o Pylorus
Sial/o Saliva
Uvul/a Grape, uvula
Steat/o Fat
Arche/o Beginning, first
Salping/o Fallopian tube, eustachian
Colp/o Vagina
Culd/o Cul-de-sac
Epis/o vulva
Gynec/o woman, female
Hymen/o Hymen
Vulv/o Vulva
Cervic/o cervic, neck
son/o sound
Azot/o urea, nitrogen
Hydr/o water
-blast immature cell, Embryonic
presbyr/o old age
Lith/o stone
Noct/o Night
Olig/o few in number, half
Tom/o to cut
Urin/o, ur/o urine
Albumin/o albumin(protein)
Cyst/a, vesic/o bladder, sac
Glomerul/o little ball, glomerula
Meat/o meatus, opening passage
Nepr/o, ren/o kidney
Pyel/o renal pelvis
Ureter/o ureter
Urethr/o urethra
spermato/o sperm
balan/o gland penis
Epididym/o epididymis
orchid/a testies, testicals
prostat/o prostate gland
vas/o blood vessel , duct
-ism/o condition of disease
-centesis surgical puncture, to aspirate fluids
-ectomy surgical excision, removal
-lysis dissolve
-pexy surgical fixation, suspension
-plasty surgical repair
-rrhaphy suturing
-scopy process of viewing
-stomy surgical creation of an opening
-tomy cutting into, incision
-tripsy surgical crushing
-phobia abnormal fear
-malacia abnormal softening
-emia blood
-spasm cramp or twitching
-penia deficiency
-mania excessive preoccupation
-rrhea flow or discharge
-itis inflammation
-rrhexix rupture
-ptosis sagging
-lith stone
-emesis vomiting
aden/o gland
angi/o vessel
append/o appendix
cerebr/o brain
cutane/o skin
dermat/o skin
faci/o face
encephala/o brain
mamm/o breast
mast/o breast
neur/o nerve
oste/o bone
ot/o ear
opthalm/o eye
blephar/o eyelid
chir/o hand
card/o , cardi/o heart
tonsil/o tonsil
bi- two
di- double, two
hyper- above normal
hypo- below normal
macro- large
micro- small
mono- one
multi- many
nulli- none
poly- many
primi- first
quadri- four
tetra- four
tri- three
uni- one
ab- away from
anti- against
diplo- double
ecto- outer, external
en- within, on, upon, over
endo- within
in- without
milli- one-thousandth
para- alongside, near
pre- before
sub- below, beneath
supra- beyond
anter/o front
caud/o tail
cephal/o head
dist/o away
dors/o back
infer/o below
later/o side
medi/o middle
poster/o back
promix/o near
super/o above
ventr/o front
LLQ left lower quadrant
LUQ Left upper quadrant
RUQ Right upper quadrant
RLQ Right lower quadrant
towards the side lateral
body cavity containing the thoracic and abdominopelvic cavities ventral
body cavity containing the spinal and cranial cavities dorsal
body cavity housing just the chest thoracic
plane that divide the body into right and left half coronal
plane that divides the body into front to back sagittal
plane that divides the body into top and bottom portions transverse
dactyl/o toes, finger, (both)
omphal/o umbilical (navel)
som/o body
thorac/o chest, thorax
abdomen/o abdomen
lapar/o abdominal wall
cyst/o, vesic/o cyst, bladder, or sac
acr/o extremities
pelv/I, pelv/o pelvis
periton/o peritoneum
dacry/o tears
-emia condition of blood
hem/o condition of blood
hidr/o perspiration
hydr/o water
lacrim/o tears
py/o pus
lymph/o clear water, fluid lymph
sail/o saliva
crin/o secrete
3 types of muscles smooth, skeletal, cardiac
12 organ systems respiratory, muscular, immengutary, cardiovascular, digestive, endocrine, lymphatic, urinary, nervous, skeletal, male and female reproductive
3 general parts of a cell cell membrane, nucleus,cytoplasm
primary anatomical plane frontal, sagittal, ventral
four quadrant regions Right upper, Right lower, Left upper, Left Lower
regions of the body Right hyperchondriac right lumbar, right iliac, epigastric, umbilicial, hypogastric, left hyperchondriac, left lumbar, left iliac
Spongy,porous tissue Cancellous bone
Outward extension of the shoulder bone Acromion
Opening or passage in bones where blood vessels and nerves enter and leave Foramen
Projection of the temporal bone Mastoid process
Knuckle-like process at the end of bone Condyle
Mandible, vomer, maxilla, and zygomatic are all bones of the Face
Occipital,sphenoid, frontal, temporal, and ethmoid are bones of Cranium
The shaft of a long bone Diaphysis
Poor formation Osteodystrophy
Slipping or subluxation of a vertebra Spondylolisthesis
Operation performed to relieve symptoms of a slipped disk Laminectomy
Lateral curvature of the spinal column Scoliosis
Vitamin D deficiency leads to softening of bone, Osteomalacia
Pertaining to upper arm bone Humeral
The shoulder bone Scapula
The smaller bone of the two lower legs bones Fibula
Inflammation of bone and bone marrow Osteomyelitis
Clubfoot Talipes
A splintered or crushed bone Comminuted fracture
Surgical repair of a joint Arthoplasty
Condition of stiffening and immobility of a joint Ankylosis
Chronic inflammation of bones and joints due to degenerative changes in cartilage Osteoarthritis
Inflammation of joints caused by excessive uric acid accumulation Gouty arthritis
Malignant tumor of smooth muscle Leiomyosarcoma
Wasting away (no development) of muscle Atrophy
Type of epithelial cwl in the epidermis is Squamous cell
Dermis Middle layer of skin
A hard protein material found in the epidermis Keratin
Structural protein found in skin and connective tissue Collagen
Xer/o Dry
Pertaining to under a nail Subungual
Cutane/o Skin
Absence of pigment in skin Albinism
Inflammation of soft tissue around a nail Paronychia
Profuse sweating Hidradenitis
Fungual infection Trichomycosis
Fatty mass within a sebaceous gland Steatoma
A wheal is a Hive
Bullae Large blister
Pustule Small abscess
Pruritis Itching
Thickened scar Keloid
Inflammatory disease of the joints and collagen of the skin , can affect other organs Systemic Lupus erythematosus
Moles that can develop into malignant melanoma Dysplastic nevi
Decubitus ulcer Bed sore
Chronic recurrent dermatomycosis w/ silvery gray scales covering red patches in skin Psoriasis
A dermatomycosis Tinea
White patches on a mucous membrane of tongue or cheek Leukoplakia
Connective tissue in the skin hardens Mohs surgery
Fibrous layer of clear tissue that extends over the anterior portion of the eye and is continuous Cornea
Yellowish region in the retina, contains the fovea centralis Macula lutea
What eye structure is transparent,biconvex,and focuses light on the retina Optic chiasma
Adjustment of the lens by the ciliary body Accommodation
Photosensitive receptors cells of the retina,make the perception of color possible Cones
Kerat/o Cornea
Cycl/o Ciliary body
Palpebr/o Eyelid
An eye inflammation commonly called pink eye Conjunctivitis
Impairment of vision due to old age Presbyopia
Myopia Nearsightedness
Defective curvature of the cornea or lens Astigmatism
Glaucoma is primarily diagnosed by Tonometry
A blind spot, area of depressed vision surrounded by an area of normal vision Scotoma
Macular degeneration produces Loss of ventral vision
Small hard mass on the eyelid, formed from a sebaceous gland enlargement Chalazion
Snail-shaped, spirally wound tube in the inner ear Cochlea
Channel between the middle ear and the nasopharynx Eustachian tube
Myring/o Tympanic membrane
Bacterial infection of the middle ear Suppurative otitis media
Tinnitus Ringing sound in ears
Visual examination of the ear Otoscopy
Nerve deafness occurring with aging Prebycusis
Fungal infection of the ear Otomycosis
Progressive damage to the macula of the eye Macular degeneration
Clouding of the lens causing decreased vision Cataract
Myopia Nearsightedness
Hyperopia Farsightedness
Small, hard cystic mass on the eyelid Chalazion
Hordeolum Stye
Repetitive rhythmic movement of both or one eye Nystagmus
Retinal microaneurysms,hemorrhage, or new vascular growth within the retina Diabetic retinopathy
Abnormal deviation of the eye,esotropia and exotropia Strabismus
Separation of the retinal layers Retinal detachment
Function of the thyroid gland Secretes thyroxine
Name for anterior lobe of the pituitary gland Adenohypophysis
Secretes cortisol Adrenal cortex
Hormone secreted by the pancreas Insulin
Hormone regulates calcium in he blood and bone Parathyroid hormone
Stimulates the adrenal cortex to secrete hormones ACTH
EXAMPLE of electrolytes Sodium
Element that is present in thyroxine Iodine
Hormone secreted by the ovary and adrenal cortex Estrogen
Description of gonadotropins Secreted by the anterior lobe of the pituitary gland
Term for excessive development of mammary tissue in a male Gynecomastia
Kal/i Potassium
Insulin defiency or resistance leads to hyperglycemia and ketoacidosis Diabetes mellitus
Group of symptoms produced by excess of cortisol from the adrenal cortex Cushing syndrome
Advanced hypothyroidism in adulthood Myxedema
Post-puberty hypersecretion of the thyroid gland Graves disease
Enlargement of the thyroid gland Goiter
Exophthalmos is a symptom of which endocrine system Graves disease
Tetany Constant muscle contraction
Natr/o Sodium
Characteristics of type 1 diabetes mellitus Little or no insulin produced
what is a description of achondroplasia Defective cartilage formation that affects bone growth
Administration of radioactive compound and visualization with a scanner to detect tumor or nodules Thyroid scan
Removal of a gland above the thyroid gland Parathyroid
Hormone that stimulate the thyroid glands Thyrotropic hormone
Removal of gland above the kidney Adrealectomy
Inflammation of thyroid gland Thyroiditis
High level of sugar Hyperglycemia
Excessive thrist Polydipsia
Low levels of calcium Hypocalcemia
Hormone secreted by the adrenal cortex Corticosteroid
High level of calcium in the urine Hypercalcuria
Male hormone Androgen
Producing female characteristics Estrogenic
High level of calcium in the blood Hypercalcemia
Animal starch Glycogen
Blood vessel that carries oxygen-poor blood from heart to lungs Pulmonary artery
Contraction phase of the heartbeat Systole
Located between the left upper and lower chamber of the heart Mitral valve
Saclike membrane surrounding heart Pericardium
Sensitive tissue in the right atrium wall that begins the heartbeat Sinoatrial node
Blood vessel branching from the aorta to carry oxygen-rich blood to the heart muscle Coronary arteries
Disease of heart muscle Cardimyopathy
Phlebitis Inflammation of a vein
Instrument to measure blood Sphygmomanometer
Local widening of an artery Aneurysm
Cyanosis Bluish coloration of skin
Ischemia Can be caused by thrombotic occlusion of a blood vessel
Angina Chest pain relieved w/ nitroglycerin
Cardiac arrhythmia Fibrillation
Petechiae Small, pinpoint hemorrhage
Blood clot forms in large lower limb Deep vein thrombosis
Four separate congenital heart defect Tertralogy of fallot
Patent- means: Open
Cause of essential hypertension Idiopathic
Digoxin Drug used to stregthen the heartbeat
Ck,LD,and AST nitrate-like drugs
ECHO High-frequency sound waves are transmitted into the chest
Incision of a vein Phlebotomy
Removal of plaque from inner lining of an artery Endareterectomy
Holter monitor ECG taken during daily activity
C With
S Without
Prn As needed
Stat Immediately
Asap As soon as possible
Npo Nothing by mouth
Hs Hour of sleep
Pt Patient
Rx Prescription
Bs Blood sugar
Afib Atrial fibrillation
Mi Myocardial infarction
Bbb Bundle branch block
Bid Twice a day
Qid Four times a day
Qday Every day
OM Otitis media
Bom bilateral otitis media
Bp Blood pressure
Bm Bowel movement
Bph benign prostatic hyperplasia
Htn Hypertension
C/o Complain of
Bx Biopsy
Cabg coronary artery bypass graft surgery
Cad Coronary artery disease
Dc Discontinued
CVA Cerebrovascular accident (stroke)
Cbc Complete blood count
Wbc White blood count
Wt Weight
Vs Vital sign
Uti Urinary tract infection
Us Ultrasound
Uri Upper respiratory infection
Cf Cystic fibrosis
Chf Chronic heart failure
Chol Cholesterol
CNS central nervous system
CPOD chronic pulmonary obstructive disease
CxR chest X-ray
D&C Dialation and cureltage
HCT hematocrit
HgB hemoglobin
DOb date of birth
Dx diagnosis
EENT ears eyes nose throat
Ent Ear nose throat
flu influenza
Fx fracture
H&H hemoglobin & hematocrit
H&P history and physical examination
HBV hepatitis B virus
Hx history
IBS irritable bowel syndrome
IM Intramuscular
IUD intrauterine death/device
IV intravenous
LMP last menstrual period
K potassium
LUQ left upper quadrant
LLQ left lower quadrant
RUQ right upper quadrant
RLQ right lower quadrant
MOM milk of magnesium
Ms Multiple scuarosis
N/v nausea and vomiting
MRI magnetic imaging
Na sodium
PDR Physicians desk reference
Po by mouth
PTS post traumatic stress disorder
RA rheumatoid arthritis
RBC red blood count
RLL right lower lobe
RUL right upper lobe
ROM range of motion
SIDS sudden infant death syndrome
SLE systemic lupus erythematous
STD sexually transmitted disease
STREP streptococcus
TEA tonsillectomy with adenoidectomy
TSH thyroid stimulating hormone
PTH post transfusion hepatitis
TAH total abdominal hysterectomy
TB tuberculosis
TIA trans ischemic attack (stroke)
TM tympanic membrane
UA urinary assessment
Cpk creatine phosphokinase
CRF chronic renal failure
CPR cardiopulmonary resuscitation
CSF cerebrospinal fluid
FBS fasting blood sugar
NIDDM non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus
IDDM insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus
DVT deep vein thrombosis
ETOH alcohol
GERD gastro esophageal reflux diseases
GTT glucose tolerance test
Created by: sheneqwamcmillan