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Cell Organelles

vocab for cell structure and function

TermDefinition
cell wall found in plants; support and structure
cell membrane maintains homeostasis
chromatin strands of DNA (chromosomes)
christae inner membrane of mitochondria
cytoplasm jelly-like fluid that surrounds organelles within a cell
cytoskeleton internal framework of the cell; made up of microtubules and filaments
golgi body stores, packages, and moves materials out of the cell
lysosome filled with enzymes that help break down food or old structures
matrix fluid in the mitochondria containing, ribosomes, DNA, and enzymes that provide energy to produce ATP
nuclear envelope pores on the nucleus that control the movement of substances in and out of the nucleus
nuclear pore permit the passage of protiens in and ribosomes out of the nucleus
nucleolus inside the nucleus, creates ribosomes
organelles structures in a cell that carry out a specific function
polysomes (polyribosome) string of ribosomes simultaniously translating mRNA strand during protien synthesis
ribosomes mostly found on the rough ER, assembles proteins
rough endoplasmic reticulum (rough ER) contains ribosomes, secrets proteins that it produced
smooth endoplasmic reticulum does not contain ribosomes, production of lipids
vacuoles responsible for food and water storage
vesicle small vacuoles used to transport materials
plasma membrane similar to cell membrane.