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Ch.3 Mineral vocab

I do stuff with minerals

Mineral a naturally formed, inorganic solid that has a definite crystal line structure
Element a substance that cannot be separated or broken down into simpler substances by chemical means
Compoud a substance made up of atoms of two or more different elements joined by chemical bonds
Crystal a solid whose atoms, ion or molecules are arranged in a definite pattern
Silicate Mineral a mineral that contains a combination of silicon, oxygen, and one or more metals
Non Silicate Mineral a mineral that does not contain compounds of silicon and oxygen
Luster the way in which a mineral reflects light
Streak the color of the powder of a mineral
Cleavage the splitting of a mineral along smooth, flat surfaces
Fracture the manner in which a mineral breaks along either curved or irregular surfaces
Hardness a measure of the ability of a mineral to resist scratching
Density the ratio of the mass of a substance to the volume of the substance
Pegmatites when magma goes upward forming tear like formations, the mineral inside grow very large and are usually topaz or tourmaline
Plutons when magma rises through the crust and cool slowly forming millions of crystals
Ore a natural material whose concentration of economically valuable minerals is high enough for the material to be mined profitability
Reclamation the process of the returning land to its original condition after mining is complete
Created by: TSAL88