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studybuddy 08

Animals Unit 2:

What is a habitat? a habitat is an animal's home.
Most animal's can only live in_____ habitat one
True or False: If one animal dies, it can effect every other animal that lives in that habitat true
What is a Biome? a section of earth with the same climate (weather)
What are 7 examples of Biomes? 1.desert 2.tropical 3.temperature 4.savannahs 5.tundra 6.forest 7.arctic and antarctic
Name examples of how animals can survive in areas that don't have much water: get water through food they eat, special stomachs that store water,live off body fat,get water from plants,water storage system in body,only come out when temp is coolest,have light colored skin
What do animals do when weather changes and food becomes hard to find? migrate and hibernate
Define Hibernate: going to sleep during cold months and living off of the fat in the body;example-bears, bats, and squirrels hibernate through the winter either underground or in caves
Define Migrate: move to a warmer climate with better food supply;example-most birds migrate south by following paths called flyways
The planet tilts_____the sun to cause______ toward, summer
The plant tilts______from the sun to cause_____ away, winter
What is the reason the equator is warm all year: because it always receives sunlight no matter how the planet is tilted
What happens in the Summer? plants are fully grown, plants grow the fastest, the sun is brightest and warmest, the ground is often dry, animals come out of hibernation and back from migration, animals have babies
What happens in the Spring? plants start to bloom, best time to plant new plants, ground is warm and soft, and grass turns green, animals begin to lay eggs and nest
What happens in Winter? Plants grow the slowest, plants usually die but their roots stay alive, and the air is very cold, animals hibernate
What happens in Fall? leaves change color, sunlight becomes less, plants begin to produce seeds, the air begins to cool, and animals begin to store food for winter and hibernation
What three things do you need to be a wetland? 1.land covered by water, 2.special plants growing there, 3.soil with hardly any oxygen
Name wetland animals: barred owl, roseate spoonbill , alligator, river otter, eastern indigo snake, moose, red shouldered hawk
Name wetland plants: strawberry bush, leather flower, cattails, cedar sedge, yellow jassamine swamp azalea
True or False: 20 percent of our planet is covered by tundra: true
In the tundra, winter temperatures can drop to______, and in the summer it can rise to________ minus 18 degrees, 54 degrees
The tundra is home to thousands of________ in the summer and lots of_______ that feed on the insects insects, birds
Winds in the tundra can blow up to ____ miles per hour 60
Why can't plants grow their roots down into the ground in the tundra? because the ground is permanently frozen
How many different species of animals live in the tundra? 48
What do humans use the tundra for? mining diamonds and oil
Desert animals survive by being_____. This means they sleep_________ and are______ at night nocturnal; during the day; awake
In the desert, what do animals do to escape the sun's heat? dig burrows and tunnels underground
What do other animals in the desert do that can't dig their own burrows? steal other animal's burrows
Animals can go into________ to avoid the heat estivating
Estivating is like hibernation except: not for as long of a period of time
In the desert, animals get water from: prey, seeds and plants they eat
Examples of desert animals are: lizard, fox, coyote, roadrunner, jackrabbit, and kangaroo rat
What do plants in the desert do to reduce the amount of sunlight that hits them? they have no leaves, curl their leaves, or shed their leaves
What do plants in the desert have on their leaves so that water can't escape? special wax coating
What are the water storage tanks for plants that live in the desert? stems
Desert plants grow VERY________ to reach underground water deep roots
Can seeds from desert plants survive a very long time waiting for rain to help them grow? yes
Without_______, animals could not survive in the desert plants
Examples of desert plants: rat's tail, burro tail, tiger aloe, bunner ears, and verious cactuses
Adaptations for living in the deep ocean include: special organs that glow in the dark; large eyes to see; body parts that attract other fish toward them for food; see through bodies; jaws that unhinge; stomachs that stretch; live on scraps that fall to the ocean floor
Name examples of deep ocean fish: viper fish, gulper eel, lamprey, and hagfish
Created by: studybuddy08