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Music Concepts D-L

TermDefinition
Definite pitches Sounds comprising of single frequency notes
Density The relative thickness of the music determined by the number of layers and the thickness of each layer
Diminution A proportional shortening of a rhythm
Dissonant A description of harmony which sounds relatively jarring and harsh
Dominant layer A layer which has a tendency to feature
Drone A one-chord, static harmonic accompaniment
Duple metre A description of metre where the beats are accented in regular patterns of two
Duplet Two notes played in the time of 3
Duration The concept which refers to the arrangement of the music’s sounds in relation to time
Dynamics The levels of volume at which music is performed
Dynamics and Expressive Techniques The concept which refers to the musical devices contributing to a piece’s character or mood
Electrophones Any instruments which generate sounds by means of electricity
Ensemble A group of instruments or voices
Ethnic tonality A generalisation used to describe the tonality of non-Western music
Expression The communication of emotions
Fermata A pause in the tempo
Fills The temporary feature of a subordinate part usually occurring in the spaces at the end of phrases
Free time A description of the timing of music where there are no beats
Front line A reference to the blown instruments in style ensembles
Glissando Sliding smoothly from one pitch to another
Grace note A very quick note played just ahead of a main note as an ornament
Grave Generally meaning very slow, it expresses solemnity
Harmonic ostinato A repeated harmonic pattern
Harmonic rhythm A reference to how often chords change
Harmony The outcome of two or more notes sounding together
Hemiola Regrouping two lots of 3 notes into three lots of 2 notes and vice versa
Heterophonic A textural relationship where each instrumental or vocal layer performs an independently embellished interpretation of the same melody. They are nearly in unison
Hits Accents simultaneously played in multiple layers
Homophonic A textural relationship where a dominant featuring layer is accompanied by a subordinate accompanying layer/s.
Idiophones Instruments whose own vibrating material is the sound source
Imitation A musical form of echoing where the melodic or rhythmic ideas of one layer, are repeated in another
Improvisation The art of creating music spontaneously
Indefinite pitches Sounds comprising of multiple frequencies
Interval The distance between two notes. The many intervals of a melody are described in terms of repetitions, steps, skips and leaps
Irregular divisions Atypical divisions of the beat. Examples include triplets in simple time (where pulses are normally in 2s) and duplets in compound time (where pulses are normally in 3s)
Lead instrument A reference to an instrument or voice whose role is to deliver the dominant melody (e.g. lead guitar, or lead vocals)
Legato articulation A playing technique which results in successive notes being attached to each other
Created by: cguevara