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Music Concepts A-C

A capella Not accompanied by instruments
Accelerando A gradual increase of the tempo
Additive form The structure of music with many different accumulating sections where each section provides new material
Aerophones Instruments whose sounds are produced by the vibration of air
Alberti bass The name given to a version of the broken chord where the notes are played in the order: bottom, top, middle, top
Allegro Ordinarily standing for fast, it expresses happiness
Alternating bass A bass techniques featuring continued swapping between the root-note and the 5th
Anacrusis The note or notes before the first complete bar of a phrase
Arpeggio Playing the notes of a chord one at a time, usually over an octave
Arrangement A new version of an existing composition
Arranger The musician who creates an arrangement
Articulation Ways of playing or singing which influence the way notes are connected to each other
A tempo A direction to return to the previous speed
Atonal music Music without a key centre and free of the tendency of being drawn to a particular note
Augmentation A proportional lengthening of a rhythm
Backbeat The 2nd and 4th beats of quadruple metre (as played by the snare drum in rock music and by hi-hats in jazz)
Bar lines Vertical lines in music notation indicating the end of each metrical pattern
Basso continuo The bass and keyboard parts which provided the accompaniment in seventeenth and eighteenth century Western music
Beat A division of time used as a reference point for the rhythms of music
Beat foundation A description of the timing of music which is based on beats
Bend A technique used on fretted string instruments to produce a small slide in the pitch of a note
Binary form The structure of music with two distinct sections: one differing from the other
Bitonal music Music which has two distinct key centres occurring simultaneously
Block chord Playing the notes of a chord all at once
Broken chord Playing the notes of a chord one at a time
Call and Response An imitative technique where a melodic phrase sung by a solo vocalist (call) is repeated in unison by a vocal chorus (response)
Chord Two or more notes played at once
Climax The peak of musical excitement
Composer A musician who creates original music
Composite metres Metres which combine dotless and dotted beats
Composition The music written by a composer
Compound metres A description of metres with dotted beats, pulses in 3s and a skipping feel
Concepts The elements or components of music
Consonant A description of harmony which sounds relatively pleasant and harmonious
Continuous structure A general description of the structure of pieces whose section ends are obscured, creating a feeling of perpetual advancement. Examples include polyphone pieces such as rounds, canons and fugues
Contour A reference to melodic shape
Contrapuntal Thea adjective of counterpoint
Contrast Created by introducing new material and used by composers to provide the freshness of the new
Cordophones Instruments whose sounds are generated by the vibration of stretched strings (cords)
Counterpoint A technique of writing two or more equally important parts so that, predominantly, only one is busy at a time
Cross rhythms The simultaneous performance of contrasting divisions, such as 2s against 2s, or 3s against 4s
Created by: cguevara