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Oneill - Underpinning (theories)

- What is the theory of democratic centralism? Several leaders at the top of government solicit public opinion on a general policy question, consider the options, and then make a decision (in accordance with or against the wishes of the public) that is in the best interest of that public.
- What are the differences between power, authority, and legitimacy? Power is the ability of one person to get another person to act in accordance with the first person’s intentions. Authority is the right to use power. People accept decisions made by people with the authority to make those decisions, which is legitimacy.
- In the book The Prince, Niccolo Machiavelli gave what famous advice to the prince of Florence, Italy? In what has been called the theory behind the practice of modern American politics, Machiavelli advised the prince that “it is better to be feared than to be loved,” and that appearance of being an honest, trustworthy ruler is the most important aspect.
- Which theory of government claims that small groups of individuals and/or business dominate the policymaking process in their own interests? Elitism is the theory of government that claims that small groups of individuals dominate policymaking.
- What is the basic difference between direct democracy and representative democracy? In a direct democracy, all citizens participate, meet, and make decisions about public policy issues. In a representative democracy (also known as a republic), citizens elect representatives to make public policy decisions in the citizens’ interests.
- What is pluralist theory? In the United States, which has a political system of widely scattered resources government is mainly concerned with a competition among groups. Policy results when the groups with the dominant interest prevails.
- How do the characteristics of a totalitarian system differ from a democratic system?
Created by: oneillp