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Endocrine System

Hypothalamus Coordinates the autonomic nervous system and the activity of the pituitary controlling body temperature, thirst, hunger, and other homeostatic systems, and involved in sleep and emotional activity.
Pituitary Controls growth and development and the functioning of the other endocrine glands
Pineal Gland A pea-sized conical mass of tissue behind the third ventricle of the brain, secreting a hormone like substance
TH/Thyroid Gland Secretes hormones regulating growth and development through the rate of metabolism.
PTH/Parathyroid Gland Produce parathyroid hormone
Adrenal Gland Produces glucocorticoid, mineralocorticoid, and androgenic hormones and an ectodermal medulla that produces epinephrine and norepinephrine
Oxytocin Causes increased contraction of the uterus during labor and stimulates the ejection of milk into the ducts of the breasts.
Mineralocorticoids Aldosterone (sodium retention) involved with maintaining the salt balance in the body.
Glucocorticoids Cortisol (metabolism, ant-inflammatory)
Gonadocorticoids Sex hormones
Pancreas Secretes digestive enzymes into the duodenum
Alpha cells/Glucagon The breakdown of glycogen to glucose in the liver.
Beta cells/Insulin Regulates the amount of glucose in the blood
hCG/Chronic Gonadotropin Maintain corpus luteum function.
Estrogen Promote the development and maintenance of female characteristics of the body.
Progesterone Released by the corpus luteum that stimulates the uterus to prepare for pregnancy.
Testosterone Stimulates development of male secondary sexual characteristics, produced mainly in the testes, but also in the ovaries and adrenal cortex.
Gastrin Stimulates HCI release
Secretin Stimulates liver and pancreas.
Cholecystokinin Sphincters of pancreas & gallbladder.
Serotonin Constricts the blood vessels and acts as a neurotransmitter.
Leptin Appetite control
Resistin Insulin antagonist
Adiponectin Enhances sensitivity to Insulin
ANP/Atrial Natriuretic Peptide Decreases Na+
EPO/Erythropoietin RBC production
Renin Renin-angiotensin-aldosterone mechanism (increases BP)
Osteocalcin Insulin secretion, reduces body fat, improves glucose metabolism.
Cholecalciferol Vitamin D precursor
Thymus T lymphocyte's mature.
Thymulin T cell development non-apeptide.
Thymopoietins T cell development involved in the induction of CD90 in the thymus.
Thymosins T cell development hormone of the thymus, and it stimulates the development of disease-fighting T cells .
Catecholamine's Epinephrine, Norepinephrine, & Dopamine.
Created by: MaryMamiChula