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NC #1

Concepts of Learning

Learning Act or process of acquiring knowledge
What are teacher centered techniques? Lecture & Questioning, Demonstration, Group Discussion, Clinical Logs or Journals
What are student centered techniques? Self directed, problem based learning, Simulation, Case Studies, Imagery & Role Play
Lecture & Questioning Verbal inquiry of presentation of information by instructor
Demonstration Physical display of concept
Clinical Logs & Journals Written or verbal record of student perceptions of class & clinical experience
Self Directed, problem based learning This approach guides students, helping them independently achieve course objectives using individually paced instruction & clinical practice
Simulation Students actively participated in scenarios that represent actual events
Case Studies Scenarios are based on real-life nursing situations with clients that help students use critical thinking skills & problem solving techniques
Imagery & Role Play Students perform mental exercises similar to real life situations
What does critical thinking require? Requires you to understand the unique needs of each client
Knowledge Basic thinking used for memorization and to remember or repeat information you've learned
Comprehension Prove you can actually only repeat information, but understand it & explain it in your own words
Application Take what you have learned in one situation & apply it to an entirely different one
Analysis Take complex information, break it into small appropriate parts, organize & prioritize it
Awareness Know what you do & don't know. Determine what knowledge is required to solve a problem
Divergent thinking Think outside of the box, bringing what may seem to be unrelated data together & finding similarities
Reasoning & Scientific Analysis Work through a problem, look at it from all angles, consider those factors that truly apply & discard those that don't
Reflection Step back, gain perspective, review the information again
Creativity Look beyond initial constraints & see if there aren't simple, effective, efficient ways of solving problems
What are two types of Intelligences Sensory & Psychosocial
Visual/Spatial Intelligence (Image Smart) You are visually gifted & prefer to see what you wish to learn
Auditory/Vibrational Intelligence (Sound Smart) You do well with information you hear
Kinesthetic/Tactile Intelligence (Body Smart) You do by learning
Verbal/Linguistic Intelligence (Word Smart) Your focus is on language, its format, & the use of words
Logical/Mathematical Intelligence (Logic Smart) You love to think sequentially & reason it out
Intrapersonal Intelligence (Self Smart) You enjoy working on your own & are a self starter
Naturalist Intelligence (Nature Smart) You are at your best when you are outdoors
Interpersonal Intelligence (People Smart) You've never met a stranger
What are the processes that are an integral part of discovery learning? Performing experiments, looking up answers to questions, learning by trial & error, find a new way to do things, putting together pieces of information, using process of elimination, breaking apart concepts
What are the differences between the learner & facilitators responsibilities? Learner needs to be self motivated, but open to asking questions Facilitator is there to provide support for the learner & provide as much information as needed
What are some learning strategies for Visual/Spatial learner? prefer maps/puzzles, think in pictures/images, attracted to colors, textures, shapes & dimensions, reads, watches videos, takes notes
What are some learning strategies for Auditory/Vibrational learner? can ID person on the phone by their voice, aware of patterns in pitch, rhythm & timber, do well in lectures/verbal interaction, uses tape recorders, reads text out loud, background music may help you concentrate
What are some learning strategies for Kinesthetic/Tactile learner? you do best by observing first, then doing it yourself, prefer doing to listening (scenarios), strong connection between mind & body, may excel @ sports, excel @ teaching others through demonstration, increase knowledge/skills by practicing
What are some learning strategies for Verbal/Linguistic learner? prefer the written word, enjoy books, word games, precise communicator/verbal debater, talent for learning languages
What are some learning strategies for Logical/Mathematical learner? abstract reasoning; attracted to numbers/puzzles, well-organized & systematic approach to problem solving, thinks sequentially
What are some learning strategies for Naturalist learner? love plants & animals, inherent respect for all living things & sensitivity to spiritual matters makes you an excellent client advocate, awareness to other's pain helps you relate strongly w/your clients
What are some learning strategies for Intrapersonal learner? strong self-awareness & an intuitive sense for how to resolve issues, although you prefer to operate on own, still a valuable member of the team, co-workers & friends often come to you for advice
What are some learning strategies for Interpersonal learner? has lots of friends & is comfortable in social settings, excellent team player-team learner, calming & nurturing influence, powerful ally in conflict resolution, brainstorms & exchanges ideas, practices role playing /acting out case studies
Acronyms Memory cue for a word/phrase formed by initial letters or words to remember
Loci System A visualization technique in which you associate each thing to be remembered with a familiar location
Rhymes An auditory cue in which works or images of the information to be learned are linked w/corresponding sounds or rythyms
Visualizing A technique that involves making a mind picture of the information to be learned
Concept Map This is another way of visualizing information, but it hooks together related information for the brain
Created by: tandkhopkins