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Chap 3 cells

Daughter Cells The way cells divide
Cytoplasm gel like substance that surrounding the nucleus and fills the cell
Plasma membrane regulates what enters and exit the cell
Nucleus controls the center of the cell
Endoplasmic Recticulum continuous with the outer membrane of the nuclear envelope (rough and smooth)
hydrophilic (heads) love of water
hydrophobic ( tails) fear of water
Smooth E R has no ribosomes contains enzymes that make certain lipids and carbohydrates
mitosis growth infant developing in the wound repair a wound
filtration transport process in which water and dissolved particles are forced across a membrane
osmosis the diffusion of water across a selectively permeable membrane from an area of high to low concentration
diffusion passive transport that involves the movement of particles higher to lower concentration
facilitated diffusion diffusion of a substance through a channel protein
active transport moves from area of lesser greater concentration requires energy in the form of ATP
passive transport don't need energy
ribosomes granules of protein and RNA scattered throughout the E R
golgi apparatus consists of 3-20 curved saccules (pancakes) process packaging the UPS of the cell
Mitochindria power house of the cell converts the chemical energy of carbohydrates into ATP
where does genetic material come from nucleus
cilia hair like processes along the surface
flagella similar to cilia hair like projections but are thicker and longer
microvilli folds of the cell membrane that greatly increase the surface of a cell
endocytosis bring substances into the cell
exocytosis release substances outside of the cell
selective permability transport substances in and out of cells
phagocytosis eating cell large particles are trapped and brought into the cell
pinocytosis brought into the cell fluid and dissolved particles
nucleolus center of the nucleus
organelles "little organs"
peroxisomes vesicles that contain enzymes detoxify drugs and alcohol found in liver and kidneys
vacuoles isolate substances captured inside of a cell
Created by: handzon38