Busy. Please wait.
Log in with Clever

show password
Forgot Password?

Don't have an account?  Sign up 
Sign up using Clever

Username is available taken
show password

Make sure to remember your password. If you forget it there is no way for StudyStack to send you a reset link. You would need to create a new account.
Your email address is only used to allow you to reset your password. See our Privacy Policy and Terms of Service.

Already a StudyStack user? Log In

Reset Password
Enter the associated with your account, and we'll email you a link to reset your password.
Didn't know it?
click below
Knew it?
click below
Don't Know
Remaining cards (0)
Embed Code - If you would like this activity on your web page, copy the script below and paste it into your web page.

  Normal Size     Small Size show me how

Pharmacology Roach

Ch 37 Anticoagulant & Thrombolytic Drugs

Anticoagulants Actions Interfere with the clotting mechanism of the blood
Anticoagulant Uses `Prophylaxis and treatment of DVT `P&T of a.fib w/ embolization `P&T of PE `Adjuvant tx of MI `Prevention of thrombus formation after valve replacement surgery
Parenteral Anticoagulants specifically used for `Prevention of postoperative DVT and PE (major ab sx): of clotting in arterial and heart sx, in equip used for extracorporeal circulation, blood transfusions, and in blood samples for lab purposes: of cerebral thrombosis: DIC: IV patency
Anticoagulant Adverse Reactions `Bleeding `N,V,Ab cramp, D `Alopecia `Rash `Hepatitis, jaundice, thrombocytopenia, blood dyscrasias
Anticoagulant Contraindications `Known hypersensitivity `active bleeding (except caused by DIC) `hemorrhagic disease `TB `leukemia `uncontrolled hypertension `GI ulcers `recent sx of eye/cns `aneurysms `severe renal/hepatic disease `during lactation
LMWHs contraindications patients with a hypersensitivity to pork products alternative fondaparinux (Arixtra)
Anticoagulant Precautions `fever `heart failure `diarrhea `diabetes `malignancy `hypertension `renal/hepatic disease `psychoses `depression `pt udergoing spinal procedures `women of childbearing age (contraceptive) `pt with potential sire for bleeding or hemorrhage
Anticoagulant Herbal Considerations: Warfarin should not be combined with `celery `chamomile `clove `dong quai `feverfew `garlic `ginger `ginkgo biloba `ginseng `green tea `onion `passion flower `red clover `st johns wort `turmeric
Antiplatelet Actions & Uses `decreasing the platelets' ability to aggregate in the arterial system `primarily used to treat patients at risk for acute coronary syndrome, MI, stroke, and intermittent claudication
ADP (adenosine diphosphate) receptor blocker action alter the platelet cell membrane
Glycoprotein receptor blockers action prevent enzyme production
Antiplatelet Adverse Reactions `Heart palpitations `Bleeding `Dizziness Headache `N, D, Constipation, dyspepsia
Antiplatelet Contraindications & Precautions `Pregnant/Lactating `known hypersensitivity `CHF `active bleeding `thrombotic throbocytopenic purpura (TTP) `Cautions in:older adult patients, pancytopenic patients, or renal/hepatic impaitment
Thrombolytic Actions break down fibrin clots by converting plasminogen to plasmin *potential benefits must be weighed carefully against the potential dangers of bleeding
Thrombolytic Uses To Treat `acute stroke or MI by lysis of blood clots in the coronary arteries `blood clots causing pulmonary emoboli and DVT `suspected occlusions in central venous catheters
Thrombolytic Adverse Reactions Bleeding the most common allergic reactions may also be seen
Thrombolytic Contraindications and Precautions `known hypersensitivity `active bleeding `history of stoke, aneurysm, and recent intracranial surgery Cautions in: `recently undergone surgery 10 days `experienced a stroke `hypertension `diabetic retinopathy
Created by: Slmallory83
Popular Nursing sets




Use these flashcards to help memorize information. Look at the large card and try to recall what is on the other side. Then click the card to flip it. If you knew the answer, click the green Know box. Otherwise, click the red Don't know box.

When you've placed seven or more cards in the Don't know box, click "retry" to try those cards again.

If you've accidentally put the card in the wrong box, just click on the card to take it out of the box.

You can also use your keyboard to move the cards as follows:

If you are logged in to your account, this website will remember which cards you know and don't know so that they are in the same box the next time you log in.

When you need a break, try one of the other activities listed below the flashcards like Matching, Snowman, or Hungry Bug. Although it may feel like you're playing a game, your brain is still making more connections with the information to help you out.

To see how well you know the information, try the Quiz or Test activity.

Pass complete!
"Know" box contains:
Time elapsed:
restart all cards