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learn to read latin

Vocab Keller Russell second edition CH I - CH IV

TermDefinition
causa, causae f. reason, cause; case
glōria, glōriae f. renown, glory
invidia, invidiae, f. envy, jealousy; ill-will, resentment
sententia, sentiae f. thought, feeling; opinion
altum, altī m. deep sea; height
auxilium, auxilī n. aid; help
>auxilia, auxiliōrum n. pl. auxilary troops
caelum, caelī n. sky, heaven
socius, sociī m. ally, comrade
ego, meī (personal pronoun) I; me
nōs, nostrum/nostrī (personal pronoun) we;us
tū, tuī (personal pronoun) you
vōs, vestrum/vestrī (personal pronoun) you (pl)
is, ea, id (personal pronoun) he, she, it; they; him, her, it; them
agō, agere, ēgē, āctus drive, do, spend, conduct
>causam (idom) to plead a case
canō, canere, cecinī, cantus sing (of)
capiō, capere, cēpī, captus take (up), capture; win
>cōnsilium capere (idom) to form a plan
dīcō, dīcere, dīxī, dictus say, speak, tell
dūco, dūcere, dūxī, ductus lead; consider
faciō, facere, fēcī, factus make; do
gerō, gere, gessi, gestus bear, manage, conduct; perform
>bellum gerere (idom) to wage war
mittō, mittere, mīsī, missus send
pōnō, pōnere, posuī, positus put, place; set aside
rēgo, regere, rēxī, rēctus rule, control
scrībō, scrībere, scrīpsī, scrīptus write
audīo, audīre, audīvi, audītus hear, listen (to)
sentiō, sentīre, sēnsi, sēnsus perceive, feel
veniō, venīre, vēnī, ventum come
is, ea, id (demonstr. adj) this, that; these, those
altus, -a, -um tall, high; deep
clārus, -a, -um bright, clear; famous
cupidus, -a, -um desirous (+gen)
meus, -a, -um mine
noster, nostr; nostrum our, ours
paucī, paucae, pauca few
socius, -a, -um allied
tuus, -a, -um (possive adj) your, yours
validus, -a, -um strong, healthy
vester, vestra, vestrum (possive adj) your (pl), yours (pl.)
per (prep +acc) through; by
quidem (postpositive adv) indeed, certainly; at least
>equidem (adv) indeed, certainly; for the most part
>nē......quidem not even
dīligentia, dīligentiae f. diligence
incola, incolae m inhabitant
mora, morae f. delay
prōvincia, prōvinciae f. province
terra, terrae f. land, earth
amīcus, amīcī m friend
forum, forī n. public square, marketplace, forum
imperium, imperiī m. powere, authority, command; empire
inimīcus, inimīcī m. (personal) enemy
odium, odiī n hartred
populus, populī m (the) people; populace
Rōmānī, Rōmānōrum m. pl. (the) Romans
nihi or nil (indeclinable noun) n. nothing
laudo (1-tr) praise
pugnō (1-intr) fight
superō (1-tr) overcome, conquer; surpass
teneō, tenēre, tenuī, tentus hold, grasp; keep, possess; occupy
videō, vidēre, vīdī, vīsus (passive) be seen; seem
eō, īre, iī/īvī, itum go
amīcus, -a, -um friendly (+dat)
>iminīcus, -a, -um unfriendly, hostile (+dat)
bonus, -a, -um good
laetus, -a, -um happy
līber, lībera, līberum free
magnus, -a, -um large, big; great
malus, -a, -um bad, evil
miser, misera, miserum wretched, pitible, miserable
multus, -a, -um much, many
parvus, -a, -um small, little
pulcher, pulchra, pulchrum beautiful, handsome
Rōmānus, -a, -um Roman
ā, ab (prep + abl) by
atque or ac (conj) and (also)
mox (adv) soon; then
nunc (adv) now
prō (pre + abl) in front of, on behalf of, for; in return for, instead of
propter (pre + abl) on account of, because of
sine without
semper (prep + abl) always
cūra, cūrae f. care, concern, anxiety
īra, īrae f. anger, wrath
poena, ponae f. punishment, penalty
sapientia, sapentiae f. wisdom
vīta, vītae f. life
animus, animīn m. (rational) soul, mind, spirit; pl, strong feelings
arma, amōrum n. pl. arms, weapons
vēlum, vēlī n sail
ambulō, ambulāre, ambulāvī, ambulatum (1- intr) walk
amō, amāre, amāvī, amātus (1-tr) love
cōgitō (1-tr) think, ponder
dō, dare, dedī, datus give, grant
>poenās, dare (idom) to pay the penalty
>vēla dare (idom) to set sail
dōnō (1-tr) give; present, reward
errō (1-intr) wander; err, make a mistake
labōrō (1-intr) work, suffer, be distressed
mōnstrō (1-tr) show, point out
optō (1-tr) desire
vocō ( (1-tr) call, summon, name
sed (conj) but
nōn (adv) not
neque or nec (comj-adv) and not
neque/nec........neque/nec neither ..........nor
ne (interrog enclitic particle) added to the first word of a question
namque (conj) for in fact
nam (conj) for
etenim (conj) and indeed; for in fact
enim (postpositive conj) in fact, indeed; for
cūr (interrog adv) why
possum, posse, potuī, --------- be able, can
sum, esse, fuī, futūrus be; exist
videō, vidēre, vīdī, vīsus see
timeō, timēre, timuī, ------ fear, be afraid (of)
respondeō, respondēre, respondī, respōnsus answer, respond
moveō, movēre, mōvī, mōtus set in motion, move
iubeō, iubēre, iussī, iussus order
habeō, habēre, habuī, habitus have, hold; consider
debeō, dēbēre, dēbuī, dēbitus owe, ought
agricola, agricolae m. farmer
anima, animae f. life force, breath, soul
dea, deae f. goddess
fāma, fāmae f. report, rumor; reputation, fame
fēmina, fēminae f. woman, wife
filia, fīliae f. daughter
insula, īnsulae f. island
Italia, Italie f. Italy
nauta, nautae m. sailor
patria, patriae f. country, homeland
pecūnia, pecūniae f. money
poēta, poētae m. poet
puella, puellae f. girl
rēgina, rēginae f. queen
via, viae f. way, road, street, path
ager, agrī m field
deus, deī m. (irregular declension) god
dominus, dominī m. master, lord
fīlius, fīliī m son
gladius, gladiī m. sword
liber, librī m. book
puer, puerī m. boy
servus, servī m. slave
vir, virī m. man, husband
aurum, aurī n. gold
bellum, bellī m. war
cōnsilium, cōnsiliī n deliberation;plan, advice; judgement
dōnum, dōnī n. gift
factum, factī n deed
ferrum, ferrī n. iron; sword
oppidum, oppidī n. town
perīculum, perīculī n danger
verbum, verbī n. word
ā, ab (prep + abl) (away) from
ad (prep + acc) toward, to
cum (prep +abl) with
dē (prep + abl) (down) from; about, concerning
ē, ex (prep + abl) (out) from
et (conj) and
et.......et both......and
et (adv) even, also
in (prep + acc) into, onto; against
in (prep + abl) in, on
ō (interj) O
-que (enclitic conj) and
ego (personal pronoun) nom sing. I
meī (personal pronoun) gen sing. of me
mihi (personal pronoun) dat sing. to/for me
mē (personal pronoun) acc sing. me (d.o.)
mē (personal pronoun) abl sing. from me (etc)
nōs (personal pronoun) nom pl. we
nostrum/nostrī (personal pronoun) gen pl. of us
nōbīs (personal pronoun) dat pl. to/for us
nōs (personal pronoun) acc pl. us (d.o.)
nōbīs (personal pronoun) abl pl. from us (etc)
tū (personal pronoun) nom sing. you
tuī (personal pronoun) gen sing. of you
tibi (personal pronoun) dat sing to/for you
tē (personal pronoun) acc sing you (d.o.)
tē (personal pronoun) abl sing from you (etc)
vōs (personal pronoun) nom pl. you (pl)
vestrum/vestrī (personal pronoun) gen pl. of you (pl)
vōbīs (personal pronoun) dat pl. to/for you (pl)
vōs (personal pronoun) acc pl. you (pl.) (d.o.)
vōbīs (personal pronoun) abl pl. from you (pl.) (etc)
ego ambulō, nōn tū (personal pronoun) I am walking, not you.
studium, studiī n. eagerness, enthusiasm
Created by: bandit382