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piovt point 14 nails

chapter 14 study of nails

Primary purpose of the free edge of the nail is to : A. beautify the fingertip B. hold moisture in the nail C. Protect the sebaceous glands D. protect the tip of the finger and /or toe protect the tip of the finger and /or toe
The nail bed is attached to the bone by: A. cell B. nerves C. muscles D. ligaments ligaments
Attached at the base of the nail, under the skin and inside the mantle is the: A. Nail Root B. Free Edge C. Hyponychium D. Perionychium Nail Root
what is the skin that touches, overlaps and surrounds the nails? A. Lunula B. Cuticle C. Nail wall D. Perionychium Perionychium
The Lunula is half-moon shape at base of nail that appears white of reflection of light the point : A. nail matrix ,nail bed meet B. nail root ,nail cuticle meet C. nail wall ,nail grooves meet nail matrix ,nail bed meet
The active tissue that generates cells that as they move outward from the root to the nail is called the nail : A . Plate B. Mantle C. Matrix D. Eponychium Matrix
Which of the following components are considered appendages of the skin : A. cells B. nails C. bones D. muscles nails
What is the cuticle that overlaps the lunula at the base of the nail? A. Mantle B. Eponychium C. Perionychium D. Hyponychium Eponychium
What is the deep pocket-like area that holds the root and the matrix of the nail ? A. Onyx B. Lunula C. Mantle D. Nail Groove Mantle
The loose and pliable overlapping skin around the nail is the : A. Cuticle B. Nail wall C. Leuconychia D. Hyponychium Cuticle
The skin under the free edge of the nail is : A. Lunula B. Nail root C. Eponychium D. Hyponychium Hyponychium
The folds of the skin on either side of the nail groove are called: A. Nail bed B. Nail wall C. Nail plate D. Perionychium Nail wall
The tracks on either side of the nail moves on as it grows are: A. Roots B. Edge C. Plates D. Grooves Grooves
If a nail fell off and one year later did not grow back , What structure has possibly been permanently damaged : A. Onyx B. Lunula C.Matrix D .Cuticle Matrix
What is the average growth rate of nails in adults ? A. 1/8 " (.3 cm) per month B. 1/4" (.6 cm) per month C. 1/3" (.8 cm) per month D. 1/16 "( .1 cm ) per month 1/8 " (.3 cm) per month
What of the following conditions does not indicate a decreasing rate of nail growth A. Aging B. Winter C. Summer D. Poor nutrition Summer
Under normal conditions , the growth of a new nail plant takes approximately : A. 1 year B. 2 years C. 1 to 3 weeks D. 4 to 6 months 4 to 6 months
Which nail structure consists of many nerves and blood vessels for continuous nourishments ? A. Nail bed B. Nail plate C. Nail Lunula D. Nail mantle Nail bed
Any disease , disorder or condition of the nail is called : A. Etiology B. Onychosis C. Onychology D. Onychomycosis Onychosis
Nails with a sign of disease require : A. Hot oil treatments B. Referral to a Physician C. Blood spill procedures D. Extra disinfection procedures Referral to a Physician
A healthy nail is smooth, curved , translucent, pinkish in color and: A. Is slightly rough B. is filled deep into the corners C. has wavy hollows and ridges D. Is without hollows or wavy ridges Is without hollows or wavy ridges
The technical name for the disease referred to as ringworm ( tinea ) of the nail is : A. Tinea Pedis B. Paronychia C. Tinea Manus D. Onychomycosis Onychomycosis
All of the following identify possible causes of paronychia Except : A. Systemic disease B. Infected hangnail C. Bacterial infection D. Prolonged exposure to water Systemic disease
Tinea pedis appears as itching and peeling of the skin on the feet and must be : A. Referred to a Physician B. Treated with a weekly pedicure C. Treated immediately by rinsing in hot water D. Soaked in antiseptic , then dried thoroughly Referred to a Physician
Which of the following nail diseases is not caused by fungus ? A. Tinea pedis B. Tinea manus C. Onychomycosis D. Onychatrophia Onychatrophia
Onychia is an inflammation of the : A. Cuticle B. Nail wall C. Nail matrix D. Hyponychium Nail Matrix
Vertical lines down the nail plate that may be caused by illness or injury are called: A. Roots B. Furrows C. Grooves D . Corrugations Furrows
Systemic or long -term illness or nervous disturbance can cause : A. Furrows B. Hang Nails C. Spoon Nails D. Ingrown Nail Spoon Nails
The disorder in which the nail grows into the edge of the nail grooves causing ingrown toenails is called : A. Onychauxis B. Leuconychia C. Onychogryposis D. Onychocryptosis Onychocryptosis
Uneven growth of a nail may cause : A. Blue nails B. Kolionychia C. Leuconychia D. Wavy ridges Wavy ridges
Trimming toenails straight across can help avoid : A. Split nails B. Rough Nails C. Broken Nails D . Ingrown toenails D . Ingrown toenails
Small white spots on the nail caused by an injury in which a small separation occurs between the nail and the nail bed is called : A. Agnails B. Blue Nails C. Leuconychia D. Bruised Nails Leuconychia
Blood trapped under nails is a condition referred to as : A. Onychauxis B. Hypertrophy C. Leuconychia D. Bruised Nail Bruised Nail
What condition results when the cuticle becomes overly dry and splits? A. Tinea B. Matrix C. Hangnail D. Leuconychia Hangnail
Which of the following conditions refers to an excess of living skin attached to the nail plate that disrupts normal nail growth ? A. Pterygium B. Leuconychia C. Bruised Nail D. Onychophagy Pterygium
What is another name for Onychauxis ? A. Agnails B. Hangnail C. Pterygium D. Hypertrophy Hypertrophy
A thickening of the nail plats or an abnormal outgrowth of the nail is called : A. Onychia B. Pterygium C. Onychauxis D.Tinea Manus Onychauxis
What would be the correct response if a client arrives for a manicure and exhibits signs of onychophagy ? A. Reprimand B. Refuse to perform manicure C. Refer the clients to a Physician D. Offer to perform a a weekly nail service ,including polish Offer to perform a a weekly nail service ,including polish
Improper filing , injuries or harsh chemicals could because of : A. Fungus B. Split nails C. Hangnails D. Bruised Nails Split nails
Which of the following condition is caused by a nervous habit ? A. Onychauxis B. Onychophagy C. Onychorrhexis D. Onychogryposis Onychophagy
Which is the nail condition that can be indicated by a yellow green discoloration that turns black and begins to smell bad ? A. Bruising B. Nail Fungus C. Onychorrhexis D. A pigmentation Problem Nail Fungus
Onychorrhexis is a term Indicating : A . Bitten nails B. Bruised nails C. Split or Brittle Nails D. Pigmentation Problems Split or Brittle Nails
Discoloration of the nail can indicate serious problems in which of the following parts of the nail ? A. Lanula B. Cuticle C. Mantle D. Nail Bed Nail Bed
Upon discovery of the nail fungus on a clients hands or feet , the cosmetologist needs to : A .Refer client to physician B. Disinfect your entire salon C. Dip hands in disinfectant solution D. Ask client to wash with antibacterial soap Refer client to physician
What is the job of the manicurist when determining the shape of the clients nails ? A. Enhance the clients natural nail shape B. Strive for square nails since they are the strongest C. Ensure every clients leaves the salon with oval nails Enhance the clients natural nail shape
An implement that shortens , shapes and smoothes rough edges of natural nails is called ? A. Tweezers B. Emery Board C. Cuticle Pusher D. Orangewood stick Emery Board
What product may be used to remove nail stains ? A. Hand lotion B. Nail Bleach C. Paraffin D. Cuticle Cream Nail Bleach
What is the function of a nail dryer when used during a nail service ? A. Create a color effect B. Remove stains and whiten nails C . prevent nail from splitting and peeling D. Aid in fast drying and protection from being sticky or dull Aid in fast drying and protection from being sticky or dull
The finger bowl should contain warm and : A. Bleach B. Bath Oil C. Disinfectant D. Soap Soap
What is generally the wattage for a bulb found in a lamp used for close detail work : A. 40 watt B. 60 watt C .75 watt D. 100 watt 40 watt
How should implements involved in a blood spill incident be handled ? A. Discard implements B. double bag the implements and discard C. Clean the implements with hot water then use on client D.Disinfect implements with broad spectrum sisinfectant Disinfect implements with broad spectrum sisinfectant
Which of the following steps describes the proper disinfecting procedure for implements following use in a manicure service : A. Place implements in soap and water after disinfecting B. Wash implements with soap and water then place disinfectant Wash implements with soap and water then place disinfectant
How often should a disinfectant be replaced : A. Daily B. Hourly C. Once a week D. As directed by manufacturer As directed by manufacturer
When removing polish from the nails, work from : A. Tip to base B. Base to tip C. Side to side D. center to outside Base to tip
When performing a manicure you must remove any traces of oil , lotion or cream : A. Before applying polish B. Before applying the sealer C. Before applying the base coat D. Before beginning the massage Before applying polish
When is it appropriate to offer a hand massage during a manicure ? A. Prior to polishing the nail B. After applying the nail polish C. Prior to scrubbing each hand and nails with a nail brush D. Prior to scrubbing each hand & nails with nail brush Prior to polishing the nail
How should nail polish be applied ? A. From side to side B. Using a heavy first coat C. Using light sweeping strokes D. From the free edge toward the base Using light sweeping strokes
The manicurist will apply nail polish : A. over the sealer B. over the base coat C. on the clean nail bed D. prior to a massage service over the base coat
During the massage portion of a pedicure service apply pressure to the muscular tissue on either side of : A. the thigh B. the ankle C. the kneecap D. the shinbone the shinbone
Brittle nails or dry aging hands could receive some benefit from : A. Medication B. Fresh Polish C. Massage of Forearms D. Hot oil or cream manicuring Hot oil or cream manicuring
Following an acrylic nail service, brushes should be cleaned : A. In gasoline B. Within two days C. In brush cleaner D. in soap and water In brush cleaner
How much of the nail bed should a nail tip cover : A. 1/8 to 1/4 B. 1/3 to 1/2 C . Entire surface D. Free edge only 1/3 to 1/2
A dehydrant is used to help remove moisture and oil and to prevent the growth of : A. Fungus B. Viruses C. Matrix Cells D. Bacterial Cells Fungus
When should a dehydrating product be applied to the nail ? A. After applying primer B. Before applying a nail form C. After applying sculptured nail service Before applying a nail form
After applying the primer during a sculptured nail service : A. avoid touching the nail B. moisten the area to allow better adherence C . touch the nail area lightly to ensure it is dry D. saturate the area with acrylic powder to maintain dryness avoid touching the nail
Re-balancing the nail during a fill-in nail service means to file and buff the nail to blend : A. top coat and polish B. Base coat and polish C. Primer and dehydrant D. Remaining acrylic to new growth area Remaining acrylic to new growth area
If a nail fungus is found prior to performing a fill - in nail service , which of the following steps do you take : A . file the cuticle B. Remove the artificial nail C. Apply base coat and polish D. Apply dehydrant to exposed natural nail Remove the artificial nail
What should you use to remove excess polish at the edge of the nail? A. cotton ball B. your thumbnail C. emery board D. orangewood stick wrapped in cotton with the tip saturated in polish remover orangewood stick wrapped in cotton with the tip saturated in polish remover
Because most nail product vapors are flammable : A. no cell phones should be use B. smoking should not be allowed in salon C. all air vents should be directed toward that area D. all clients should be required to wear paper masks smoking should not be allowed in salon
Avoid the use of acetone polish remover on ? A. hangnails B. natural nails C. plastic nail tips D. nails with only clear polish applied plastic nail tips
Created by: 1063550180375424