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Orchestra Final

9th grade

ad libitum musician's own enterpretation; optional, performer may omit a section
adagio slow tempo
allegro fast
andante walking tempo; moderately slow; even (not as slow as lento)
coda special section at the end of the piece
cantabile in a sweet, singing style
presto quick tempo
a tempo go back to the original tempo
sforzando (sfz) accented; with sudden emphasis
dal segno (D.S.) go back to the sign marking the beginning of a repeat
da capo (D.C.) go back to the beginning
dolce sweetly and softly
order of the flats BEADGCF
order of the sharps FCGDAEB
Telemann lived in which musical period? Baroque
Bach lived in which musical period? Baroque
Vivaldi lived in which musical period? Baroque
Mozart lived in which musical period? Classical
Beethoven lived in which musical period? Classical
Corelli lived in which musical period? Baroque
In which period of music history was the orchestra the largest? Classical
C Major Scale C, D, E, F, G, A, B
G Major Scale G, A, B, C, D, E, Fsharp
D Major Scale D, E, Fsharp, G, A, B, Csharp
A Major Scale A, B, Csharp, D, E, Fsharp, Gsharp
E Major Scale E, Fsharp, Gsharp, A, B, Csharp, Dsharp
tie between same notes
slur between two different notes
col legno with wood of bow
simile same way
concerto grosso piece where group of soloists and orchestra play together
concerto a musical composition for a solo instrument or instruments accompanied by an orchestra
staccato separate, detached bow
spiccato bouncing bow
grave very slow
allargando broader and slower
largo slow and dignified playing, broad
lento slow
fine the end
order of music periods Renaissance (1300-1600), Baroque (1600-1750), Classical (1750-1800), Romantic (1800-1850), Modern (1850-present)
martele hammered stroke
divisi divided parts
tutti all play together
mp moderately soft
meno mosso little motion
augmented 2nd 3 half steps
crescendo gradually get louder
ff very loud
ritardando gradually get slower
accelerando gradually get faster
piu mosso little more motion
rondo form musical material stated at beginning of piece keeps returning
sostenuto sustained
cadenza virtuoustic solo passage inserted into a movement in a concerto; typically near the end
finale the last section of an instrumental musical composition; final tempo
rubato slowing or speeding at performer's discretion
a concerto is written for soloist and orchestra
morendo dying away
arco with bow
con moto with motion
diminuendo softer
sul ponticello play near bridge
sul tasto bow over fingerboard
standard instrumentation of a string quartet 2 violin, 1 viola, 1 cello
which is loudest: mp, pp, or p mp
syncopation off beat; rhythm in stress
trill rapid change between two notes
enharmonic notes with same pitch but written differently
decrescendo gradual decrease in volume
alla breve cut time
detache detached
ricochet repeated down bow
subito p suddenly soft
how would you mark the music to get the performer to slow down and then go back to previous tempo ritardando and a tempo
tenuto stretch tempo; a note that is held for its full time or more
Columbus sailed to US in which musical period? Renaissance
Declaration of Independence written in which musical period? Classical
Who wrote Canon in D? Pachelbel
Who wrote Christmas Concerto? Corelli
Who wrote Messiah? Handel
Who is "Father of the Concerto"? Corelli
Mahler lived in which musical period? Modern
longest surviving orchestra St. Louis Symphony
What happened during Romantic period? Civil War
How was Beethoven's 9th Symphony revolutionary? first to use voices in orchestra, longest piece
most notable composer of Classical period Mozart
famous contemporary violinist who recorded most of Paganini's Caprices Ossi Renardy
Frescobaldi wrote Toccata and Fugue for keyboard
Created by: studystacksat
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