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Biology Ch. 23-24

virus an infective agent that is able to multiply only withing the living cells of a host
envelope nucleus, the outer covering of a cell
retrovirus any group of RNA viruses that insert a DNA copy of their genome into the host
bacteriophage a virus that parasites a bacterium by infecting it and reproducing inside of it
lytic cycle a cycle of viral reproduction, results in destruction of the infected cell and its membrane
virulent lysis kill their hosts upon entry through cell lysis
lysogenic cycle a cycle of viral reproduction
temperate virus a phage that does not lyse its host immediately but may persist in latent form and eventually lyse its host
prophage the genetic material of a bacteriophage
inactivated virus contains pathogens which are grown in culture and then killed
attenuated virus a weakened, less vigorous virus
vector a quantity having direction and magnitude
antibiotic a medicine that inhibits the growth of or destroys microorganisms
conjunction the bacterial equivalent of sexual reproduction
obligate anaerobe poisoned by oxygen, and gather at the bottom of the tube
facultative anaerobe an organism that makes ATP by aerobic respiration
exotoxin a toxin released by a living bacterial cell into its surroundings
antibiotic resistance the ability of a microorganism to withstand the effects of an antibiotic
pathology the science of the causes and effects of diseases
Created by: FalciE19