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middle east

definitions

TermDefinition
phosphates Mineral salts containing the elements of phosphorus; used for fertilizers.
asphalt The tar-like material used to pave streets.
Dardanelles and Bosporus Narrow straits separating European Turkey from Asian Turkey.
Sea of Marmara Sea between European Turkey and Asian Turkey found between the Aegean Sea and the Black Sea.
Jordan River River in southwestern Asia that separates Israel from Syria and Jordan.
Dead Sea Extremely salty sea south of the Jordan River.
Syrian Desert Desert region covering parts of Syria, Jordan, Iraq, and northern Saudi Arabia.
Negev Desert region in southern Israel.
secular Kept separate from religion, as in a secular government or state.
Ankara Capital of Turkey.
Istanbul Largest city and leading seaport in Turkey.
Diaspora The scattering of the Jewish population from Palestine under Roman rule.
Zionism The movement to establish a Jewish country or community in Palestine.
West Bank Area of Palestine west of the Jordan River; occupied by Israel in 1967; political status is in transition.
Golan Heights Hilly region in southwestern Syria occupied by Israel.
Gaza Strip Area occupied by Israel from 1967 to 1994; under Palestinian self-rule since 1994.
Tel Aviv Largest city in Israel. It is a port city on the Mediterranean Sea.
Jerusalem Capital of Israel.
mandate Former territories of defeated World War I countries that we placed under the control of winning countries after the war.
Damascus Capital city of Syria and one of the oldest continually occupied cities in the world.
Amman Capital city of Jordan.
Beirut Capital city of Lebanon.
Hebrews Early inhabitants of Palestine.
Palestine Name given to country of Israel under Roman rule.
Created by: caking
 

 



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