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Ecosystems test

lessons 1-5

QuestionAnswer
What scientist made a career of studying chimpanzees in their natural surroundings? Jane Goodall
Name 3 things the African rainforests provide animals water, shelter, fruits, nuts, seeds, insects to eat
All living organisms in an ecosystem Biotic factors
All nonliving parts in an ecosystem Abiotic factors
Name some abiotic factors air, water, soil, temperature, sunlight
Organisms living in an ecosystem often have similar what? Traits or characteristics
The organisms traits help them survive their ecosystem
Name a few animals that live in a tropical rain forest. Butterflies, tree frogs, monkeys, parrots
What kind of climate does a desert have? little rain, hot days, cool nights
Organisms living in the desert have what to help them survive the hot, dry conditions? traits
Name some animals that live in the United States deserts coyotes, desert tortoises, lizards, rattlesnakes
What do rodents, rabbits and caribou feed off of in the Tundra? small plants and grasses
Organisms living in the tundra have traits that help them survive what? cold weather and little rain
Name a few animals that live in the tundra weasels, polar bear, foxes
What kind of plants are able to live in Taiga fir, spruce, hemlock
Name a few of the small animals that live in Taiga and what they eat. squirrels, birds, insects, eat berries and the seeds of trees
What kind of weather do Taiga's have? harsh, long, cold winters
Hawks and grizzly bears that eat other animals are called what? predators
Large animals such as elk and moose eat what? tree bark and young plants
In the wetlands a shallow layer of what covers the surface of the land for some or all of the year? water
What kind of animals live in the coastal wetlands? birds, snakes and variety of insects
The mixed forests are home to what? many types of trees and animals
Do to the cold winters the animals in the mixed forest will do what? hibernate
The birds in the mixed forest will do what? migrate to warmer weather
Where are prairie ecosystems found? throughout the Midwest and Great Plains
Which ecosystem do Bison live in? Prairie
the role that an organism has in an ecosystem. niche
Place where an organism lives habitat
What is a habitat made up of? soil, air, water as well as the plants of the area
What is the habitat of the northern pygmy owl? trees and the land on which they live
What is a carrying capacity? the number of organisms that can live in a habitat
Name the factors that limit the carrying capacity of a habitat? food, water, space and shelter
What happens to a population in a carrying capacity with it has the right conditions such as plenty of food, few diseases and few predators. The population will grow larger
What is it called and what happens if a population grows larger than the carrying capacity? Overcrowding and food supplies run out and organisms must move to other areas in order to survive.
Ecosystems are made up of? living and nonliving things
Why do some organisms compete with one another? for space and food
Each organism in an ecosystem fills the energy role of? producer, consumer, decomposer
Most producers use energy from what to make their food? sun
Herbivores, such as a moose eat only? plants
Carnivores like lions eat only? other animals
Black bears eat both plants and animals they are called omnivores
Carnivores like vultures and hyenas feed on dead animals and are called? Scavengers
Most decomposers are too small to see unless you use a ? Microscope
How does energy pass through an ecosystem? When food is eaten
A series of steps by which energy moves from one type of living thing to another is called? Food chain
A diagram that combines many food chains into one picture is called Food web
Plants may compete for? sunlight, soil, water
Animals may compete for? territory, water, light, food or mates
A long term relationship between two different organisms is called symbiosis
An organism that lives on or inside of another organism parasite
Fungi, bacteria and animals can all be types of decomposers
Name two types of fungi mold and yeasts
What does mold get from the food? energy
Animal decomposers break down dead plant and animal remains and use the nutrients left over for what? live and grow
Mushroom are fungi that often grow where? wet soil or on dead trees
Mushrooms get ______ from the decaying trees and return some ______________ to the ecosystem energy, nutrients
A predator is a consumer that gets its energy by? eating other animals
Most of the food that a plant makes is made where? plant's leaves
What is Earth's primary energy source? Sun
A green substance that traps energy from the sun is called Chlorophyll
Where is Chlorophyll stored in the chloroplasts of plant cells
Carbon dioxide + water Light energy/chlorophyll
Ecosystems are made up of? living and nonliving things
Why do some organisms compete with one another? for space and food
Each organism in an ecosystem fills the energy role of? producer, consumer, decomposer
Most producers use energy from what to make their food? sun
Herbivores, such as a moose eat only? plants
Carnivores like lions eat only? other animals
Black bears eat both plants and animals they are called omnivores
Carnivores like vultures and hyenas feed on dead animals and are called? Scavengers
Most decomposers are too small to see unless you use a ? Microscope
How does energy pass through an ecosystem? When food is eaten
A series of steps by which energy moves from one type of living thing to another is called? Food chain
A diagram that combines many food chains into one picture is called Food web
Plants may compete for? sunlight, soil, water
Animals may compete for? territory, water, light, food or mates
A long term relationship between two different organisms is called symbiosis
An organism that lives on or inside of another organism parasite
Fungi, bacteria and animals can all be types of decomposers
Name two types of fungi mold and yeasts
What does mold get from the food? energy
Animal decomposers break down dead plant and animal remains and use the nutrients left over for what? live and grow
Mushroom are fungi that often grow where? wet soil or on dead trees
Mushrooms get ______ from the decaying trees and return some ______________ to the ecosystem energy, nutrients
A predator is a consumer that gets its energy by? eating other animals
Most of the food that a plant makes is made where? plant's leaves
What is Earth's primary energy source? Sun
A green substance that traps energy from the sun is called Chlorophyll
Where is Chlorophyll stored in the chloroplasts of plant cells
Carbon dioxide + water Light energy/chlorophyll--- sugar + oxygen Photosynthesis equation
sugar + oxygen ------energy + carbon dioxide + water Cellular respiration equation
What is a nonnative species? a plant or animal that does not grow naturally in an ecosystem
What is it called when limits are put on how many animals a person can hunt and fish? Regulation
Plants make food during this process photosynthesis
Plants and animals get energy from food through this process cellular respiration
How do organisms interact in ecosystems? Through competition and predator-and-prey relationships
What do food chains and food webs show? movement of energy
Created by: oxley_taylor