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Final Exam Flashcard

Barline The lines which cross the staff and divide it into measures
Sacred Music written for church performances
Time Signature This symbol appears at the beginning of the music after the clef sign; contains 2 numbers: the upper number indicates how many beats are in each measure, and the lower number indicates what type of note receives one beat
Ledgers These are short lines which are added to extend the range of the staff
Grand Staff The bass staff and treble staff connected by a brace and a line
Measure The area between two bar lines
Tie Two notes of the same pitch joined by a curved line over or under the note Each note joined by this is held for its full value but only the first note is played or sung
Note Head The oval-shaped part of a note May be hollow or filled
Bass Clef The clef used for notes in the lower pitch ranges F clef
Harmony Two or more notes sounded together
Composer The person who creates a piece of music
Pick Up The note in an incomplete measure
Repeat Sign To return to the beginning or previous repeat sign at the beginning of the section.
Slur This symbol smoothly connects two or more notes
Down Beat The first beat of a measure
Staff The five lines and the four spaces
Tempo Determined by the number of beats per minute
Arranger A person who takes an existing piece of music and re-works it for a different set of voices and/or instruments
Clef The sign that helps to organize the staff so notes can be easily read
Note The oval-shaped symbols that are placed on the lines and in the spaces of the staff to represent pitches
Stem The line that extends from the note head
Ensemble This is a group of musicians who perform together
Treble Clef This is the clef used for notes in the higher pitch ranges
Rests These symbols indicate silences in music
Unison This is written when all parts sing the same pitches at the same time
Secular This is music written for performance outside the church; non-religious music
Double Bar Line This indicates the end of a piece of music.
Beam The line that connects two or more flagged notes
Melody The main tune of a piece
Pitch A musical soun
Created by: Maya G.
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