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PCS Liv Env

Vocabulary for Topic 8 - Scientific Inquiry and Skills

TermDefinition
Assumption something accepted as true that may or may not actually be true
Bias a tendency to favor something; prejudice
Conclusion the decision made about the outcome of an experiment; usually based on how well the actual result matches the predicted result
Control that group in an experiment in which everything - except the variable to be tested - is identical; the standard of comparison in an experiment
Controlled Experiment an experiment in which all variables - except for the one being tested - are exactly the same
Data the results of specific trials or tests completed during experiments
Dependent Variable the part of an experiment that is changed to test a hypothesis
Evidence support for the idea that something is true
Experiment a series of trials or tests that are done to support or refute a hypothesis
Hypothesis a statement that predicts a relationship between cause and effect in a way that can be tested
Independent Variable a factor that might influence the dependent variable in an experiment (Hint: I control)
Inference a conclusion or deduction based on observations
Model a representation used to explain or demonstrate a process or structure; also used to predict what might occur in a new situation
Observation any information that is collected with any of the senses
Opinion ideas people have that may or may not be based in fact
Peer Review the process by which scientists carefully examine the work of other scientists to look for possible flaws in their experimental design or their interpretation of results
Research Plan the initial stage of an experiment that involves finding background information, developing a hypothesis, and devising an experimental method for testing the hypothesis
Scientific Literacy a basic knowledge of the natural world combined with an understanding of the diverse ways that scientists gain knowledge
Created by: Ms.Sala