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Year Long Vocabulary

Asexual Reproduction the kind of reproduction from a part of a single living thing (needing one parent part)
Sexual Reproduction the kind of reproduction that results from the union of an egg and a sperm (needing two parents)
Nonvascular Plants plants without vessels to carry water, minerals, and food
Vascular Plants plants with tube-like vessels that carry water, minerals, and food throughout the plant
Pollination the process by which of pollen grains transfer from the stamen to the stigma
Fertilization when pollen from the stamen enters the ovule in the ovary of the flower
Germination the growth of an embryo; the early stage of seed growth
Photosynthesis the process in which plants use chlorophyll and light to make sugar/food and oxygen
Respiration the process by which sugar/food is broken down when combined with oxygen from the air
Vertebrates animals with backbones; e.g. fish, amphibians, reptiles, birds, mammals
Invertebrates animals without backbones; e.g. sponges, segmented worms, echinoderms, mollusks, and arthropods
Endothermic warm-blooded; animals that maintain a constant internal temperature
Ectothermic cold-blooded; animals that do not maintain a constant internal temperature – they must gain heat to perform internal activities
Defense Mechanism an ability in some animals that is used to protect themselves; e.g. camouflage, smell, stinger, ejection, mimicry, grouping
Learned Behavior behavior that has changed because of a certain experience or practice
Inherited Behavior behavior that is passed on from parents to offspring without teaching/ training
Water Cycle the continuous process of water evaporating, becoming cooled and condensing, and then returning to the earth in the form of precipitation
Cumulus Clouds thick, fluffy clouds formed at medium or low elevation; usually an indication of fair weather
Stratus Clouds thick, flat, gray clouds low in the sky formed at medium and low elevations; usually indicate light rain and drizzle (When close to the ground, they form fog.)
Cirrus Clouds feathery, wispy clouds high in the sky made of ice crystals often indicating fair weather following imminent rain or snow
High Pressure the condition of the atmosphere associated with fair weather where the cool and dry air is descending and air particles are close together
Low Pressure the condition of the atmosphere associated with heavy clouds and precipitation where warmer air particles are rising and moving farther apart allowing the air to hold more moisture
Westerly Winds the prevailing wind belt over much of the middle and higher latitudes where the winds blow generally from the west toward the east
Jet Stream a narrow belt of strong, high-speed, high-pressure air flowing from west to east around Earth
Energy the ability to cause changes in matter; involves either motion or position; can be in many different forms
Law of Conservation of Energy the amount of energy you start with is the amount of energy you end with; the amount of energy always stays the same though its form may change
Electromagnet a coil of wire that uses an electric current to make strong magnetic force
Generator a machine that changes one form of energy to another, especially mechanical energy into electrical energy; produces an electric current when a coil of wire wrapped around an iron core is rotated near a magnet
Electric Motor a device that changes electrical energy into mechanical energy; contains an electromagnet
Conduction the transfer of heat between objects that are touching, or from one part of an object to another
Convection the transfer of heat that happens when the particles of a gas or liquid flow within the material itself
Radiation the transfer of energy through space without any particles of matter touching or moving
Simple Machine any tool that is made up of only one or two parts
Complex Machine a device that uses two or more simple machines
Observation Any information collected from our senses
Inference Conclusion drawn from observations
Created by: jmarek15
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