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Chapter 2

Nurse Aide

TermDefinition
Abuse causing physical, mental, emotional, or financial pain or injury to someone
Assault the act of threatening to touch a person without his or her consent
Battery touching a person without his or her consent
Do Not Resuscitate (DNR) an order that tells medical professionals not to perform CPR
Ethics the knowledge of right and wrong; standards of conduct
False Imprisonment the unlawful restraint of someone which affects the persons freedom of movement; includes both the threat of being physically restrained and actually being physically restrained
Financial Abuse the act of stealing, taking advantage of, or improperly using the money, property, or other assets of another
Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) a federal law that sets standards for protecting the privacy of patients health information
Invasion of Privacy a violation of the right to be left alone and the right to control personal information
Malpractice a negligent or improper act by a professional that results in damage or injury to a person
Negligence actions, or a failure to act or give proper care, that result in injury to a person
Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act (OBRA) federal law that includes minimum standards for nursing assistant training, staffing requirements, resident assessment instructions, and information on rights for residents
Ombudsman person assigned by law as the legal advocate for residents
Psychological Abuse any behavior that causes a person to feel threatened, fearful, intimidated, or humiliated in any way
Sexual Abuse forcing a person to perform or participate in sexual acts against his or her will
Substance Abuse the use of legal or illegal drugs, cigarettes, or alcohol in a way that is harmful to the abuser or to others
Verbal Abuse the use of language-spoken or written- that threatens, embarrasses, or insults a person
Nurse Aide Training and Competency Evaluation Program (NATCEP) part of OBRA that sets minimum requirements for nursing assistants for training and testing
Durable Power of Attorney for Health Care a signed and dated legal document that appoints someone to make the medical decisions for a person in the event he or she becomes unable to do so
Etiquette the code of proper behavior and courtesy in a certain setting
Domestic Violence physical, sexual, or emotional abuse by spouses, intimate partners or family members
Mandated Reporters people who are required to report suspected or observed abuse or neglect due to their regular contact with vulnerable populations, such as the elderly in long term care facilities
Residents Rights rights identified in OBRA that relate to how residents must be treated while living in a long term care facility; they provide an ethical code of conduct for healthcare workers
Scope of Practice defines the tasks that healthcare providers are legally permitted to perform as allowed by state or federal law
Active Neglect purposely harming a person physically, mentally, or emotionally by failing to provide needed care
Created by: hcps-jamesnc