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Musculoskeletal

QuestionAnswer
Abduction moving a body part away from the midline of the body
Adduction moving a body part toward the midline of the body
Amputation the surgical removal of an extremity
Arthritis a general term that refers to the inflammation of the joints
Bones rigid connective tissue that makes up the skeleton, lend support to the body structures, allow the body to move, and protect the organs
Bursae Tiny sacs of fluid that are located near joints to help reduce friction.
Bursitis a condition in which the bursae become inflamed and painful.
Cartilage the protective substance that covers the ends of the bones and makes up the discs that are found between vertebrae.
Flexion bending a body part.
Fracture a broken bone.
Joints the points where two bones meet; provide movement and flexibility.
Ligaments strong bands of fibrous connective tissue that connect bones or cartilage and support the joints and joint movement.
Muscles groups of tissues that contract and relax, allowing motion, supporting the body, protecting organs, and creating heat.
Osteoarthritis -a type of arthritis that usually affects weight-bearing joints, especially the hips and knees. -also called Degenerative Joint Disease
Osteoporosis a condition in which the bones become brittle and weak; may be due to age, lack of hormones, not enough calcium in bones, or lack of exercise.
Rheumatoid Arthritis -a type of arthritis in which joints become red, swollen, and very painful. -movement is restricted and deformities of the hands are common.
Tendons tough fibrous bands that connect muscle to bone.
What is the musculoskeletal system composed of? muscles, bones, joints, tendons and ligaments
What is the function of the musculoskeletal system? gives the body shape and structure, allows the body to move and support itself, posture, store calcium and phosphorus, produce some blood cells, provides protection for the body and creates heat.
What are 3 types of muscle tissue in the body? -skeletal -smooth -cardiac
What is considered a long bone? Humerus, Femur
What are three types of joints? -immovable -slightly movable -movable
What are two types of movable joints? -ball-and-socket joints -hinge joints
Where would you find a ball-and-socket joint? The hip and shoulder
Where would you find hinge joints? The elbow and knee
What are the six types of fractures? -closed/simple fractures -hairline fractures -open/compound fractures -greenstick fractures -comminuted fractures -compression fractures
What can you do for a person with a cast who has swelling? Elevate the extremity
Explain RICE R-rest I-ice C-compression E-elevation
Created by: azap55
 

 



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