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Endocrine

Gland, Hormone, Action

QuestionAnswer
Posterior pituitary hormones Oxytocin and ADH Antidiuretic Hormone
Oxytocin action initiates labor and and milk ejections
ADH (Antidiuretic hormone) action stimulates water resorption by the kidneys
Anterior pituitary hormones Growth Hormone, Prolactin, FSH, LH, TSH
Growth Hormone action stimulates body growth
Prolactin action promotes lactation
FSH Follicle stimulating action stimultes follicle maturation/production of estrogen/progesterone, promotes sperm production
TSH thyroid stimulating stimulates release of T3 and T4
thyroid gland hormones T3, T4, Calcitonin
T3 and T4 actions increases metabolism, BP and regulates tissue growth
Calcitonin inhibits release of calcium from bone
Parathyroid gland hormone parathyroid (parathormone)
parathryoid (parathormone) increased blood calcium levels
Pancreas hormones insulin, glucagon
Insulin actions reduces blood sugar levels
Glucagon actions increases blood sugar levels
Adrenal medulla hormones epinephrine, norepinephrine
Epinephrine and Norepinephrine actions short term stress response: increased blood sugar, vasoconstriction, increased HR, blood diversion
Adrenal cortex hormones glucocorticoids, mineralcorticoids
Glucocorticoids actions long term stress response, increased blood sugar, blood volume maintenance, immune suppresion
Mineralocorticoids actions long term stress response, blood volume &pressure maintenance, sodium & water retention by kidneys
Pineal gland hormones Melatonin
Melatonin actions sleep/wake cycle (circadian timing)
Created by: thirdghere