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Biology lab final

TermDefinition
Which of these terms means windpipe? Trachea
What is the function of the cartilaginous tracheal rings? They prevent collapse of the trachea during respiration.
Hair-like projections from the surfaces of cells in the mucosal layer of the nasal cavity are: cilia
Which of these tubes branch from the trachea? bronchi
What name is given to the pelvic structure that receives the urine from the kidneys, and stores it until it can be eliminated? D. Urinary bladder
Which of these is the normal range for respiratory rate in resting adults with normal pulmonary function? 12-20 R/min
Which of these structures is a part of the larynx that prevents food from entering the lower airway during swallowing? epiglottis
Disease usually associated with long-term cigarette smoking, and usually involving a decrease in surface area of the alveoli for gas exchange emphysema
Which of these structures is/are the main muscle(s) of breathing? diaphragm
In cellular respiration which of these occurs? oxygen goes into the cell and carbon dioxide goes into the blood
Which of the following is the scientific term for the voice box? larynx
Which of these processes is not a function of the urinary system? Production of surfactant
What pulmonary conditions are caused by long-term exposure to asbestos? asbestosis and mesothelioma
A generalized lung infection, or an infection of a part of a lung such as a lobe or segment caused by bacteria Pneumonia
In what chronic condition is a CPAP needed to prevent airway collapse during sleeping? Sleep apnea
Which of these structures is the name given to the tube that transports urine from the urinary bladder to the outside of the body? Urethra
In what part of the kidneys are the renal corpuscles located? Renal cortex
What is the tube that transports urine from the kidney to the urinary bladder? Ureter
What are the individual parts of the renal medulla called? Pyramids
In which of these three processes of urine formation do molecules travel from the filtrate to the blood? Reabsorption
What ion is adjusted in the nephron to maintain pH homeostasis in the body? H+
In which step of urine formation are all molecules under a particular molecular mass or size transported from the glomerulus to the glomerular capsule? Filtration
Which of these entities is not filtered at the glomerulus? Protein
What disease should be suspected if glucose is detected the urine? Diabetes mellitus
Which part of the brain is responsible for primary control of voluntary muscle? Pre-central gyrus
Which part of the brain controls the anterior pituitary gland through releasing and inhibiting factors? Hypothalamus
Which part of the brain is responsible for nervous processes that rise to conscious awareness? Cerebrum
In which part of the brain are visual impulses interpreted? Occipital lobes
Which part of the brain is involved in hearing, smell and memory? Temporal lobes
Which of these parts of the brain is partially responsible for planning, realization of consequences of behavior, and personality? Pre-frontal regions of frontal lobes
Which of these parts of the brain controls heart rate, blood pressure, respiratory rate, and certain reflexes such as sneezing and coughing? Medulla oblongata
What part of the brain secretes growth hormone & prolactin and hormones that stimulate the adrenal gland cortex, the thyroid gland & the gonads? Anterior pituitary gland
What part of the brain is responsible for the ablity to know where its muscles and joints are located? Parietal lobes
After one eats a meal the liver carries out the following metabolic pathway: Glycogenesis (formation of glycogen from glucose)
Which of these pancreatic hormones is released shortly after a meal? Insulin
Which of these processes helps maintain constant plasma glucose levels between meals? Glycogenolysis
Which of these blood vessels transports nutrients from the intestinal veins to the liver after a meal? Hepatic portal vein
This organ forms urea from the nitrogen released from amino acid breakdown after eating protein? Liver
Which of these hormones from the pancreas decreases the concentration of glucose in the blood by stimulating its uptake into cells? Insulin
What hormones from the pancreas increases the concentration of glucose in the blood by stimulating the liver to perform glycogenolysis, Glucagon
Which of these entities is a polymer (chain of repeating units) of glucose units produced by the liver and muscle? Glucagen
Created by: ebbycole09