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Ecology Unit Vocab

Ecology Vocab

Abiotic an environmental factor that is not associated with the activities of living
Organisms a living thing, anything that can carry out life processes independently
Biotic an environmental factor that is associated with or results from activities of living organisms
Carbon Cycle the movement of carbon from nonliving environment into living things and back
Commensalism a relationship between two organisms in which one organism in which one organisms benefits and the other is unaffected
Competition ecological relationship in which two or more organisms depend on the same limited resource
Consumer an organism that eats other organisms or organic matter
Decomposer an organism gets energy by breaking down the remains of des organisms or animal waste and consuming or absorbing the nutrients
Ecology the study of the interactions of living organisms with one another with their environment
Ecosystem a community of organisms and their abiotic, or nonliving, environment
Energy Pyramid a triangle diagram that shows an ecosystems loss of energy, which results as energy passes through the ecosystems food chain; each row in the pyramid represents a trophic feeding level in an ecosystem, and the energy stored in that trophic level
Food Chain the pathway of energy transfer through various stages as a result of the feeding patterns of a series of organisms
Food Web a diagram that shows the feeding relationship between organisms in an ecosystem
Limiting Factor an environmental factor that prevents an organism or population from reaching it's full population from reaching its full potential of size or activity
Mutualism a relationship between two species in which both species benefit
Parasitism a relationship between two species in which one species, the parasite, benefits from the other, the host, which his harmed
Predator an organism that kills and eats all or part of another organism
Prey an organism that is killed and eaten by another organms
Producer an organism that can make it's own food by using energy from it surroundings
Symbiosis a relationship in which two different organisms live in close association with each other
Water Cycle the continuous movement of water between the atmosphere, the land, the oceans and living things
Niche The role of species in its community, including use of its habitat and its relationship with other species
Habitat The place where an organism usually lives
Created by: 4804081490