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Nutrition Chapter 1

chronic diseases disease that comes on slowly and can last for years
wellness includes physical, emotional, social, occupational and spiritual health
six groups of essential nutrients carbs, fats, proteins, vitamins, minerals, water
macronutrients carbs fats and proteins. They provide energy
carbohydrates macronutrient primary source of fuel for the brain and for exercise
fats macronutrient important source of energy at rest and low intensity exercise
protein macronutrient contains nitrogen. Used for tissue repair and growth
carbs 4 kcals per gram
fats 9 kcals per gram
protein 4 kcals per gram
fat soluble vitamins A,D,E and K can be toxic in excess
water soluble vitamins C and B vitamins
minerals assist in regulating body processes. They are not broken down in chemical processes
vitamins assist in regulating body processes. They are destroyed in chemical processes and must be ingested daily
nutrition science that studies how food nourishes our body and influences health
how is nutrition important to health food can be reassembled into body cells, provide energy, improve health, prevent some diseases
steps of the scientific method observation, hypothesis, experiement, reject or accept hypothesis
reliable sources of nutrition information registered or licensed dietician, CDC, NHANES, NIH, websites ending in ".gov" or ".edu".
AMDR carbs 45-65%
AMDR fats 20-35%
AMDR protein 10-35%
10 grams of carbohydrates= 40 kcalories
10 grams of proteins= 40 kcalories
20 grams of fats= 180 kcalories
10 grams of sugars= 40 kcalories (sugars are carbohydrates)
Created by: boringjen