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Asepsis and Sterile Technique Terminology

Antiseptic substance commonly used on living tissue to inhibit the growth and reproduction of microbes to prevent infection
Asepsis absence of microbes, infection
Bacteriocidal substance that controls/kills bacteria
Bacteriostatic substance that restrains the further development and reproduction of bacteria
Bioburden the number of microbes or amount of organic debris on an object at any given time
Contamination the presence of pathogenic materials
Cross-contamination the contamination of a person or object by another
Decontamination to reduce to an irreducible minimum the presence of pathogenic material
Disinfectant chemical agent that kills most microbes, but usually not spores; usually used on inanimate objects because these compounds are too strong to be used on living tissues.
Fomite an inanimate object on which pathogens may be conveyed
Fungicide agent that destroys fungus
Infection the invasion of the human body or tissue by pathogenic microorganisms that reproduce and multiply, causing disease
Nosocomial an infection acquired within a health care setting
Pathogen any microbe capable of causing a disease
Resident flora microbes that normally reside below the skin surface or within the body
Sepsis infection, usually accompanied by fever, that results in the presence of pathogenic microorganisms
Spore a resistant form of certain types of bacteria, able to survive in adverse conditions
Sporicidal substance that kills/destroys bateria in the spore stage
Sterile item(s) that has been rendered free of all living microorganisms, including spores
Sterile field specified area, usually the are immediately around the patient that is considered to be free of microorganisms
Sterile technique methods used to prevent contamination of the sterile field by microorganisms; protection of the patient against infection causing microbes preoperatively, intraoperatively, and postoperatively
Sterility, event related sterility determined by how a package is handled rather than time elapsed; package is considered sterile until opened or integrity of packaging material is damaged
Sterilization the destruction of all microorganisms, including spores, on inanimate surfaces; the destruction of all microorganisms in or about an object, as by steam, chemical agents, high-velocity electron bombardment, or ultraviolet light radiation.
Strike-through contamination contamination of a sterile field that occur through the passage of fluid through or a puncture in a microbial barrier
Surgically clean items mechanically cleaned and chemically disinfected but not sterile
Terminal disinfection to render items safe to handle by high-level disinfection
Transient flora microbes that reside on the skin surface and are easily removed
Vector a living character that transmits disease
Virucide agent that destroys viruses
Created by: angiegardner