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unit 11 science

taxonomic groups

TermDefinition
cell the smallest unit of an organism that performs life functions
nucleus a structure found in eukaryotic cells that contain DNA and is responsible for controlling the activities of the cell
eukaryotic a cell containing a membrane- enclosed nucleus and organelles
prokaryotic a cell lacking a nucleus or any other membrane- enclosed organelles
unicellular an organism made up of one single cell
multicellular an organism made up of more than one cell, often made up of different types of cells
classification the process of grouping things based on similarities
taxonomy the branch of science that formally names and classified organisms by their structure, function and relationships
domain the highest and largest rank of grouping organisms three groups:Archea Bacteria, and Eukarya
domain bacteria proaryotic, single- celled organism that lacks a nucleus in its cell
domain Archaea prokaryotic , single- celled organism that lacks a nucleus in its cell and can live in extreme environments
domain Eurkary organism with cells that contain a nucleus
kingdom a taxonmic rank below domain 6 groups:animals, fungi, plantea, protista, archea and eubacteria
autotroph an organism that is able to make its own food; known as a consumer in the food chain
heterotroph an organism that CANNOT make its own food; known as a consumer in the food chain
asexual reproduction a method of reproduction that requires only one parent 100% DNA from one parent
sexual reproduction a method of reproduction that requires both male and female parent 50% from 1 parent 50% from one parent
cell theory states that all living organisms are made up of 1 or more cells; cells are the basic unit of life and all cells come from other cells
kingdom Archeabacteria unicellular, asexual. auto and hetertroph, prokaryotic organism that live in moderate enviroment
kingdom Eubacteria unicellular, asexual, auto and heterotrophic, prokaryotic organism that live in a moderate enviroments
kingdom Protista uni- and multicellular sexual or a sexual auto - and heterotrphic eukaryotic organism that are microscopic
kingdoom Fungi uni- and multicellular sexual or asexual, autotrophs, eukarotic organism; known as a decomposer in the food chain
kingdom Plantae multicellular , sexual and asexual , autotrophs, eukaryotic organism; known as a producer in the food chain
king Animilia multicellular , sexual and asexual and heterotrophs, eukaryotic organisms;known as a consumer in the food chain
Created by: lgarcia23