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Unit 11 Vocab

Vocabulary for Science

TermDefinition
Cell The smallest unit of an organism that preforms life functions.
Nucleus A structure found in eukaryotic cells that contain DNA and is responsible for controlling the activities of the cell.
Eukaryotic A cell containing a membrane - enclosed nucleus and organelles.
Prokaryotic A cell lacking a nucleus or any other membrane - enclosed organelles.
Unicellular An organism made up of one single cell.
Multicellular An organism made up of more than one cell and often made up of different types of cells.
Classification The process of grouping things based on similarities.
Taxonomy The branch of science that formally names and classifies organisms by their structure function and relationship.
Domain The highest and largest rank of the grouping organisms three groups: Archaea Bacteria and Eukarya.
Domain Bacteria Prokaryotic, single-celled organisms that lacks a nucleus in it's cell.
Domain Archaea Prokaryotic, single-celled organism that lacks a nucleus in it,s cell and can live in extreme environments.
Domain Eukarya Organisms with cells that contain a nucleus.
Kingdom A taxonomic rank below Domain 6 groups: Animalia, Fungi, Plantea, Protistia, Archea, and Eubacteria
Autotroph An organism is able to make it's own food; known as a producer in food chain
Heterotroph An organism that CANNOT make it's own food; known as a consumer in the food chain
Asexual reproduction A method of reproduction that requires only one parent 100% DNA from one parent
Sexual reproduction A method of reproduction the requires both male and female parent 50% from one parent 50% from one parent
cell theory states that all living organisms are made up of 1 or more cells; cells are the basic unit of life and all cells come from other cells
Kingdom Archeabacteria unicellular, asexual, auto and heterotrouph , prokaryotic organism that live in extreme enviorments
Kingdom Eubacteria unicellular asexual auto and heterotrouph prokaryotic organisms that live in extreme enviorments
Kingdom Protista uni- and multicellular sexual or asexual auto- and heterotrouph, prokaryotic organism that are microscopic
Kingdom Fungi uni- and multicellular sexual or asexual auto- and heterotrouphic eukaryotic organism known as a decomposer in the food chain
Created by: cpease01