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Unit 11 Science

Taxonomy Groups

TermDefinition
cell the smallest unit of an organism that performs life functions
nucleus a structure found in eukaryotic cells that contain DNA and is responsible for controlling the activities of the cell
Eukaryotic a cell containing a membrane-enclosed nucleus and organelles
Prokaryotic a cell lacking a nucleus a nucleus or any other membrane-enclosed organelles
unicellular an organism made up of one single cell
multicellular a organism made up of more than one cell and often made up of different types of cells
classification the process of grouping things based on similarities
taxonomy the branch of science that formally names and classifies organisms by their structure function and relationship
domain the highest and largest rank of grouping organisms three groups archaea bacteria eukarya
bacteria prokaryotic single celled organism that lacks a nucleus in its cell
archaea prokaryotic single celled organism that lacks a nucleus in its cell and can live in extreme environments
eukarya organisms with cells that contain a nucleus
kingdom a taxonomic rank below domain 6 groups anamilia fungi plantae protista archaea and eubacteria
autotroph an organism that is able to make its own food; known as a producer in food chain
heterotroph an organism that cannot make its own food; known as the consumer in the food chain
asexual a method of reproduction that requires only 1 parent 100% DNA from 1 parent
sexual a method of reproduction that requires both male and female parent 50% 1 parent 50% 1 parent
cell theory states that all living organisms are made up of 1 or more cells; cells are the basic unit of life and all cells come from other cells
archeabacteria unicellelar, asexual, auto and heterotroph, prokaryotic organism that live in extreme environments
eubacteria unicellular, asexual, auto and heterotroph, prokaryotic organism that live in moderate environments
protista uni and multicellular sexual or asexual, heterotrophic eukaryotic organism that are microscopic
fungi uni and multicellular sexual or asexua, heterotrophic, eukaryotic organism; known as decomposer in food chain
plantae multicellular, sexual and asexual, autotrophs, eukaryotic organism; known as producer in food chain
animilia multicellular, sexual and asexual, heterotrophs, eukaryotic organism; known as the consumer in the food chain
Created by: hhartman01