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unit 11 science

Taxonomic groups

TermDefinition
cell the smallest unit of an organism that performs life functions
nucleus a structure found in Eukaryota cells that contain DNA and is responsible for controlling the activities of the cell.
Eukaryote a cell containing a membrane - enclosed organelles
Proaryotic a cell lacking a nucleus or any other membrane- enclosed organelles
unicellular an organism made up of one single cell
multicellular an organism made up of more than one cell, and often made up of different types of cells
classification the process of grouping things based on similarities
taxonomy the branch of science that formally names and classifies organisms by their structure, function, and relationship.
domain the highest and largest rank of grouping organisms Three groups: Archea, bacteria, and Eukarya.
Domain Bacteria Prokaryotic single-celled organism that lacks a nucleus in its cell.
Domain Archea prokayotic, single celled organism that lacks a nucleus in it's cell and can live in extreme environments.
Domain Eukarya organisms with cells that contain a nucleus.
Kingdom a taxonomic rank below Domain 6 groups: animalia, Fungi, Plantae, Protista, Archea, and Eubacteria.
heterotroph an organism that CANNOT make it's own foo; known as a consumer in the food source.
autotroph an organism that is able to make it's own foo; known as a producer in food chain.
asexual a method of reproduction that requires only one parent.
sexual a method of reproduction that requires both male and female parent.
cell theory states that all living things are made up of 1 or more cell; cells are the basic unit of life and all cells come from other cells.
kingdom Archeabacteria unicellular, asexual, auto and heterotroph, prokaryotic organism that live in extreme environment.
kingdom Eubacteria unicellular, asexual, auto and heterotroph, prokaryotic organism that live in extreme envirement
Kingdom Eubacteria unicellular, asexual, unicellular, asexual, auto and heterotroph, prokaryotic organism that live in moderate environments
Kingdom Protista uni- and multicellular, asexual, auto and heterotrophic, eukaryotic organism that are microscopic
Kingdom Fungi uni- and multicellular, asexual or sexual, heterotrophic, eukaryotic organism; known as decomposers in the food chain
Kingdom Plantae multicellular, sexual and asexual, autotrophs, eukaryotic organism, known as the producer in the food chain.
Kingdom Anamalia multicellular, sexual and asexual, heterotrophs, eukaryotic organisms known as the consumer in the food chain.
Created by: jtoomey01