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cell divison voc

mitosis & meiosis

TermDefinition
cytokinesis the division of the cell cytoplasm that usually follows or meiotic division of the nucleus
replication to copy
gametes an egg or sperm cell; a sex cell
chromosomes a structure in all living things of a single molecule of DNA bonded to various proteins and that carries the games determining heredity
haploid single/ simple
gonad a sex gland in which gametes are produced; an ovary o testes
ovum/ova female reproductive cell or gamete plants
polar bodies on of the minute cells arising from the equal meiotic division of the ovum at or near the time or fertilization
mitosis a type of cell division that results in two daughter cells each having the same number and kind of chromosomes as the parent nucleus, typical of ordinary tissue growth. Compare with meiosis.
sperm the male sex cell
cell cycle The cell cycle or cell-division cycle is the series of events that take place in a cell leading to its division and duplication of its DNA
chromatid each of the two threadlike strands into which a chromosome divides longitudinally during cell division. Each contains a double helix of DNA
centromere the point on a chromosome by which it is attached to a spindle fiber during cell division
chromatin the material of which the chromosomes of organisms other than bacteria (i.e., eukaryotes) are composed. It consists of protein, RNA, and DNA.
diploid of a cell or nucleus) containing two complete sets of chromosomes, one from each parent. Compare with haploid.
interphase the resting phase between successive mitotic divisions of a cell, or between the first and second divisions of meiosis.
crossing over the exchange of genes between homologous chromosomes, resulting in a mixture of parental characteristics in offspring
tetrad a group or set of four
synapsis the fusion of chromosome pairs at the start of meiosis.
mitosis a type of cell division that results in two daughter cells each having the same number and kind of chromosomes as the parent nucleus, typical of ordinary tissue growth. Compare with meiosis
gametogenesis the process in which cells undergo meiosis to form gametes
Created by: mirian garcia
 

 



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