Save
Busy. Please wait.
or

show password
Forgot Password?

Don't have an account?  Sign up 
or

Username is available taken
show password

why


Make sure to remember your password. If you forget it there is no way for StudyStack to send you a reset link. You would need to create a new account.
We do not share your email address with others. It is only used to allow you to reset your password. For details read our Privacy Policy and Terms of Service.


Already a StudyStack user? Log In

Reset Password
Enter the associated with your account, and we'll email you a link to reset your password.
focusNode
Didn't know it?
click below
 
Knew it?
click below
Don't know
Remaining cards (0)
Know
0:00
share
Embed Code - If you would like this activity on your web page, copy the script below and paste it into your web page.

  Normal Size     Small Size show me how

LE Modern Genetics

QuestionAnswer
1. Chromosomal mutations changes in number or structure of chromosome; usually shows in phenotype because many genes are involved
2. Substitutions replacement of one or more gene in a gene sequence with another
3. Insertions segment of chromosome is inserted or added
4. Deletions segment of chromosome is lost or removed
5. Translocations segment of chromosome breaks off and reattaches to nonhomologous chromosome
6. Inversions segment of chromosome breaks off & reattaches at new point on original chromosome resulting in a change in the order of the genes
7. DNA deoxyribonucleic acid; the material found in all cells that contains the genetic information about that organism
8. RNA ribonucleic acid; class of single-stranded molecules transcribed from DNA, containing, a linear sequence of nucleotide bases that is complimentary to the DNA strand from which it is transcribed.
9. Nitrogenous base nitrogen containing base found in DNA; adenine, thymine, guanine, cytocine
10. Transcription mRNA transcribed from DNA
11. Translation protein made from RNA
12. Codon set of 3 bases used to determine amino acid formed
13. Amino acid building block of protein
14. Protein form from amino acids; makes up collagen, hemoglobin, antibodies, and enzymes
15. Genetic engineering set of technologies that humans use to alter the genetic instructions of an organism by substituting DNA molecules
16. Biotechnology the combination of technology & biological sciences
17. Selective breeding the process of choosing a few organisms with desirable traits to serve as parents of the next generation
18. Recombinant DNA isolate specific genes & insert isolated gene from one organism to DNA of another à recombinant DNA
19. Plasmid a segment of DNA independent of the chromosomes & capable of replication, occurring in bacteria & yeast; used in recombinant DNA procedures to transfer genetic material from cell to cell
20. Hardy-Weinberg Principle ideal condition where population remains stable if there is no mutation or migration, large population and random mating
Created by: jgarrisi
 

 



Voices

Use these flashcards to help memorize information. Look at the large card and try to recall what is on the other side. Then click the card to flip it. If you knew the answer, click the green Know box. Otherwise, click the red Don't know box.

When you've placed seven or more cards in the Don't know box, click "retry" to try those cards again.

If you've accidentally put the card in the wrong box, just click on the card to take it out of the box.

You can also use your keyboard to move the cards as follows:

If you are logged in to your account, this website will remember which cards you know and don't know so that they are in the same box the next time you log in.

When you need a break, try one of the other activities listed below the flashcards like Matching, Snowman, or Hungry Bug. Although it may feel like you're playing a game, your brain is still making more connections with the information to help you out.

To see how well you know the information, try the Quiz or Test activity.

Pass complete!

"Know" box contains:
Time elapsed:
Retries:
restart all cards