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Chapter 18 Lang Med

Chapter 18 Language of Medicine 10th edition

adenectomy Removal of a gland.
adrenalectomy Removal of an adrenal gland.
gonadotropin Hormone that is secreted from the pituitary gland and acts on the gonads (ovaries and testes).
hypogonadism Condition of decreased function of the gonads, with decreased growth and sexual development.
pancreatectomy Removal of the pancreas.
parathyroidectomy Removal of the parathyroid glands.
hypopituitarism Condition resulting from decreased secretion by the pituitary gland.
thyrotropic hormone Hormone secreted by the anterior pituitary gland that acts on the thyroid gland (TSH or thyroid
thyroiditis Inflammation of the thyroid gland.
androgen Hormone producing or stimulating male characteristics (e.g., testosterone).
hypercalcemia Increased calcium in the blood.
hypercalciuria High levels of calcium in urine.
hypocalcemia Decreased calcium in the blood.
corticosteroid Any of the hormones produced by the adrenal cortex.
endocrinologist Specialist in diagnosis and treatment of endocrine gland disorders.
polydipsia Condition of excessive thirst.
estrogenic Pertaining to having properties similar to estrogen (producing estrogen
glucagon Hormone from the pancreas that causes sugar to be released into the bloodstream when blood sugar levels are low.
hyperglycemia Blood condition of increased sugar.
glycemic Pertains to sugar in the blood.
glycogen An animal starch; produced from sugar by the liver.
homeostasis State of equilibrium (constancy) of the body’s internal environment. hormonal
hypokalemia Low levels of potassium in the blood.
prolactin Hormone secreted by the anterior pituitary that promotes the growth of breast tissue and stimulates milk production.
myxedema Condition of mucous
hyponatremia Blood condition of deficiency of sodium.
hypophysectomy Removal of the pituitary gland.
somatotropin Hormone secreted by the anterior pituitary gland; stimulates growth of bones and tissues (growth hormone).
steroid An organic (containing carbon) compound with a ring structure; bile acids, vitamin D, certain hormones.
oxytocin Hormone secreted by the posterior lobe of the pituitary gland; stimulates childbirth.
thyrotoxicosis Condition of increased secretion from the thyroid gland with symptoms such as sweating, rapid pulse, tremors, and exophthalmos.
antidiuretic hormone Secreted by the posterior lobe of the pituitary gland; causes water to be retained in the body.
glucagon Hormone from the pancreas that “assembles” sugar from starch and increases blood sugar when it is low.
hypoglycemia Low levels of sugar in blood.
epinephrine Hormone secreted by the adrenal medulla; raises blood pressure.
adrenocorticotropin Hormone secreted by the anterior lobe of the pituitary gland; stimulates the adrenal cortex to release its hormones.
glycosuria Condition of sugar in the urine.
euthyroid Normal thyroid function.
hyperkalemia High levels of potassium in blood.
hypoinsulinism Low levels of insulin.
oxytocin Hormone from the neurohypophysis that stimulates childbirth.
panhypopituitarism Condition of deficient secretion of all hormones from the pituitary gland.
polyuria Excessive urine production.
tetraiodothyronine (T4) Thyroid gland hormone containing 4 atoms of iodine; thyroxine.
triiodothyronine (T3) Thyroid gland hormone containing 3 atoms of iodine.
Created by: Hobbskg