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chapter 8 vocab

DNA and Genes

TermDefinition
Nucleotides the small units or monomers, that make up DNA
Double Helix model in two strands of wind DNA-around each other
Base Pairing Rules the bases of the two DNA strands always pair up in the same way
Replication the process by which DNA is copied during the cell cycle
DNA Polymers a group of enzymes that bond the new nucleotides together
Central Dogma molecular biolog which states hat information flowsa in one direction
RNA or ribonucleic acid is a chain of nucleotides each made of a sugar a phosphate group and nitrogen containing base
Transcription is the process of copying a sequence of DNA to produce a complementary strand of DNA
RNA Polymerases enzymes that bond nucleotides together in a chain to make a new molecule
Messenger RNA is an intermediate message that is translated to form a protien
Ribosomal RNA forms part of ribosomes a cells protein factories
Transfer RNA brings amino acids from the cytoplasm to a ribosome to make the growing protein
Translation is the process that converts or translates an mRNA message into a polypeptide
Condon is a three nucleotide sequence that codes for an amino acid
Stop Condons signal the end of the amino acid chain
Start condons signals the start of translation and the amino acid chain
Anticodon is a set of three nucleotides that is complementary to an rna condon
Created by: maynalau1561