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Clinical Terms


Agenesis Absence of one or both kidneys
Anuria An absence of urine; may be due to kidney failure or an obstruction in a kidney pathway.
Azotemia Presence of urea or other nitrogenous elements in the blood.
Congenital Polycystic Kidney Disease Hereditary disease causing the faulty development of the renal tubules and collecting ducts of the kidneys. Cysts develop, enlarge and destroy renal function. Relatively common cause of renal failure.
Cystitis Inflammation of the urinary bladder.
Diabetes Insipidus Condition characterized by a excretion of a large volume (5-20 liters per day) of very dilute urine. May be due to a defect in the production of ADH (central DI) or an insensitivity of the cell of the distal convoluted tubules and collecting ducts to ADH
Diuresis Increased production of urine.
Dysuria Painful Urination
Ectopic Kidney A kidney displaced from its normal position.
Enuresis Uncontrolled urination, bed-wetting.
Hematuria Presence of blood in urine which may be due to lesions in the urinary tract. Blood originating from the upper portion of the tract might be due to glomerulonephritis, a malignancy, infection, or a stone. Lower tract hemorrhage might be due to infection, m
hypoplastic kidney An undersized kidney.
Incontinence A lack of voluntary control over micturition. It is normal in infants less than 2 years old because neurons to the external urethral sphincter are not completely developed.
Micturition Urination, or voiding; emptying the bladder.
Nephroptosis Inferior displacement or dropping of the kidney. It occurs when the kidney slips from its normal position because it is not securely held in place. It often occurs in very thin people whose adipose capsule is deficient. Blockage may result causing damage
Nephrotic Syndrome Refers to a group of abnormalities characterized by severe loss of protein in the urine. Results inn low blood protein levels.
Oliguria A scanty output of urine.
Polyuria An excessive output of urine.
Uremia Refers to toxic level of urea in the blood resulting from kidney malfunction.
Urinary tract Calculi (stones) Formed from increase concentration of salts in urine. Symptoms include: renal colic, obstruction, pain, and infection.
Urinary tract Infection Usually caused by gram negative bacteria in the urethra. Causes pain and burning urination.
Created by: shelleyw



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