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Sedimentary Rock Des

TermDefinition
Conglomerate Type: Detrital Texture: Clastic Grain Size: Gravel, Coarse, >2mm Grain Shape: Rounded Depositional Environment: Alluvial fans, river beds
Breccia Type: Detrital Texture: Clastic Grain Size: Gravel, Coarse, >2mm Grain Shape: Angular Depositional Environment: Base of slopes
Quartz Sandstone Type: Detrital Texture: Clastic Grain Size: Sand, Medium, (1/16-2)mm Grain Shape: Sub-rounded to rounded Depositional Environment: Rivers, shorelines, lake shores, alluvial fans, deserts, tidal bars, tidal flats, deltas, shallow marine
Oolitic Limestone Type: Chemical precipitate Texture: Clastic Mineral Composition: Calcite Depositional Environment: coastline, tidal bars, shallow marine
Jasper (red colored) Type: Chemical precipitate Texture: Crystalline Mineral Composition: Fine-grained silica Depositional Environment: Abyssal plain
Flint (dark colored) Type: Chemical precipitate Texture: Crystalline Mineral Composition: Fine-grained silica Depositional Environment: Abyssal plain
Chert (light colored) Type: Chemical precipitate Texture: Crystalline Mineral Composition: Fine-grained silica Depositional Environment: Abyssal plain
Dolomite Type: Chemical precipitate Texture: Crystalline Mineral Composition: Dolomite Depositional Environment: Shallow marine, lagoons
Gypsum Type: Chemical precipitate Texture: Crystalline Mineral Composition: Gypsum Depositional Environment: Lagoons, deserts
Chalk Type: Chemical precipitate Texture: Clastic Mineral Composition: Calcite Depositional Environment: Deep marine
Travertine Type: Chemical precipitate Texture: Crystalline Mineral Composition: Calcite Depositional Environment: Caves, hot springs
Rock Salt Type: Chemical precipitate Texture: Crystalline Mineral Composition: Lagoons, deserts
Fossiliferous Limestone Type: Chemical precipitate Texture: Clastic Mineral Composition: Calcite Depositional Environment: coastline, tidal bars, shallow marine
Micrite Type: Chemical precipitate Texture: Crystalline Mineral Composition: Calcite Depositional Environment: deep marine
Shale Type: Detrital Texture: Clastic Grain Size: Clay, very fine, (<1/256)mm Grain Shape: angular to sub-angular to sub-rounded Depositional Environment: Lakes, swamps, coastline, tidal flats, lagoons, deltas, shallow marine, deep marine, abyssal plain
Coquina Type: Chemical precipitate Texture: Clastic Mineral Composition: Calcite Depositional Environment: Coastline
Coal Type: Organic Texture: Clastic Mineral Composition: Compressed organic matter Grain Shape: N/A Depositional Environment: Low oxygen swamps or bogs
Siltstone Type: Detrital Texture: Clastic Grain Size: Silt, Fine, (1/16-1/256)mm Grain Shape: Angular to sub-angular Depositional Environment: River floodplains, tidal flats, deltas
Arkose Type: Detrital Texture: Clastic Grain Size: Sand, Medium, (1/16-2)mm Grain Shape: Sub-angular to sub-rounded Depositional Environment: Alluvial fans, rivers near granite outcrops
Created by: FaithRaquel2015