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Musical Elements

TermDefinition
Melody The tune of a song; part you hum
Pitch The highness or lowness of a note
Interval The distance between two pitches
Range The distance between the highest and lowest notes of a melody
Shape The direction a melody takes
Conjuct A smooth style of movement
Disjunct A jaged style of movement
Rythm Musical time
Beat The most basic unit used to measure time
Meter The patterns into which rythmic pulses are organized
Syncopation deliberatly accenting a typically weak beat
Monophonic Texture with one melody, unaccompanied
Heterophony One voice elaborating the same melody
Homophony Texture with one melody and accompaniment; the most common
Polyphony More melodic lines combined
Harmony The movement of relationship of intervals and chords
Chord Three or more notes sounded together
Ternary form Three part form; ABA
Binary form Two part form; AB
Tempo Speed
Scale Collection of pitches
Tonic First note of a scale
Largo Slow
Andante Walking pace
Moderato Medium speed
Allegro Fast
Pianissimo Very soft/Quiet
Piano Soft
Mezzo Piano Medium soft
Mezzo Forte Medium loud
Forte Loud
Fortissimo Very loud
Crescendo Gradually get louder
Decrescendo Gradually get quieter
Dynamic Volume
Created by: mjansen