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Ch 9.3 Vocabulary

Classification terminology

TermDefinition
Carolus Linnaeus Father of modern Taxonomy, developed system of binomial nomenclature/Taxonomical hierarchy
Kingdom Consists of a group of similar Phyla, largest and most inclusive taxon.
Binomial Nomenclature A two name naming system that uses the genus/species name for identification
Phylum Consists of a group of similar classes
Taxonomy The branch of biology that classifies organisms
Order Consists of a group of similar Families
Phylogeny The evolutionary history of a group of related organisms
Family Consists of groups of similar Genera (plural for Genus)
Cladistics Modern day method of classification based on the phylogeny of animals. A method of comparing traits to determine and organism's common ancestry and descendants. Includes many clades*
Genus Consists of groups of similar species
Class Consists of a group of similar Orders
Species The most exclusive taxon, organisms that look similar that can interbreed and have fertile offspring
Clade A group of organisms showing an organism's ancestors and common descendants
Domain Consists of all 6 kingdoms and is the largest and most inclusive one.
Created by: amcminn