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Genetic technologies

TermDefinition
genetic disorder An abnormal condition that a person inherits through genes or chromosomes
selective breeding Method of breeding that allows only those organisms with desired traits to produce that next generation
inbreeding A selective breeding method in which two individuals with similar sets of alleles are crossed
hybridization A selective breeding method that involves crossing different individuals to bring together the best traits from both parents
clone An organism that is generally identical to the organism from which it was produced
genetic engineering The transfer of a gene from the DNA of one organism into another organism, in order to produce an organism with desired traits
gene therapy The process of changing a gene to treat a medical disease or disorder. An absent or faulty gene is replaced by a normal working gene
genome A complete set of genetic information that an organism carries in its DNA
ethics The study of principles about what is right & wrong, fair & unfair
GMO (genetically modified organism) organism that has had gene(s) from another organism inserted into its cells by genetic engineering
DNA fingerprint pattern created from segments of a person's DNA that can be used to identify them
Created by: neumeist