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Blood Administration

Adult II- UALR Nursing

Blood Groups A, B, AB, O
Type A- blood can RECIEVE A- and O-
Type A+ blood can RECIEVE A+, A-, O+, O-
Type B- blood can RECIEVE B-, O-
Type B+ blood can RECIEVE B+, B-, O+, O-
Type AB- blood can RECIEVE AB-, A-, B-, O-
Type O- blood can RECEIVE ONLY O-
Type O+ blood can RECEIVE O-, O+
Type A- blood can be given to A-, A+, AB-, AB+
Type A+ blood can be given to A+, AB+
Type B- blood can be given to B-, B+, AB-, AB+
Type B+ blood can be given to B+, AB+
Type AB- blood can be given to AB-, AB+
Type AB+ blood can be given to ONLY AB+
Type O- blood can be given to ANY BLOOD TYPE (aka universal donor)
Type O+ blood can be given to O+, A+, B+, AB+
Packed RBC should not hang for more than how many hours? 4 hours
Blood is administered through what gauge IV needle? 18 or 20 gauge
What fluid must always be used during a blood transfusion? Normal Saline
Administering blood is a process that must have how many nurses present? 2 nurses (is a 2-person verification process)
What are some adverse reactions to watch out for in the first 15 minutes of giving blood? Chills, nausea, vomiting, skin rash, dyspnea, back pain, and tachycardia
What is a Hemolytic Reaction? Incompatibility between the donor's and recipient's blood.
What is a Febrile Reaction? Sensitivity to WBC, platelets, and/ or plasma in donor blood. Not a hemolytic reaction.
What is circulatory overload? When blood is administered too fast.
What is Sepsis? Bacterial infection in the bloodstream.
What are the signs and symptoms of a Hemolytic Reaction? Fever, chills, flank pain, reddish/brown urine, tachycardia, hypotension, chest pain, hemoglobinuria *immediate onset*
What are the signs and symptoms of a Febrile Reaction? Fever chills, warm/ flushed skin, headache, tachycardia, increased anxiety
What are the signs and symptoms of circulatory overload? Dyspnea, hypotension, orthopnea, crackles, distended neck veins, tachycardia
What are the signs and symptoms of Sepsis? High fever, chills, vomiting, diarrhea, hypotension, oliguria
Type A blood has ____ antibodies. B
Type B blood has ____ antibodies. A
Type AB blood has _____ antibodies. Neither A nor B
Type O blood has ______ antibodies. Both A and B
Created by: BabyNurse17