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KOV 2

KOV # 2 Muscles

QuestionAnswer
What are the two names for the superficial muscles of the back? (M. Bentley Lecture 3/10/09) Erector Spinaes or Paraspinalis (M. Bentley Lecture 3/10/09)
The Erector Spinaes or Paraspinalis consist of which three muscles? (TG Pg. 203 and 204) Spinalis Longissimus Iliocostalis (TG Pg. 203 and 204)
What are the actions of the Erector Spinae or Paraspinalis muscles? (TG Pg. 203) Extension of the spine Bilaterally Lateral Flexion of the spine Unilaterally (TG Pg. 203)
What are the three sections of the Spinalis Muscle? (TG Pg. 203 and 204) Spinalis Thoracis Spinalis Cervicis Spinalis Capitis (TG Pg. 203 and 204)
What is unique about the Spinalis Muscles? (Notes M. Bentley Lecture 3/10/09) Spinalis Cervicis and Capitis are not always present or fully present (Notes M. Bentley Lecture 3/10/09)
Where does Spinalis Thoracis attach? (TG Pg. 203 M.Bentley 3/10/09) Spinous Processes T11-L2 and T1-T8 (TG Pg. 203 M. Bentley Lecture 3/10/09)
Where does Spinalis Cervicis attach? (TG Pg. 203 and M. Bentley Lecture 3/10/09) Ligamentum Nuchae Spinous Process of C7 (To T2 sometimes) Spinous processes of Cervicals (C2-C6) except for C1 (TG Pg. 203 and M. Bentley Lecture 3/10/09)
Where does Spinalis Capitis attach? (M. Bentley lecture 3/10/09) Spinous Processes of C2-C4 Between Superior and Inferior Nuchal Lines (M. Bentley lecture 3/10/09)
Each of the Erector Spinaes all share this common attachment. (TG Pg. 203 M. Bentley Lecture 3/10/09) Tharocolumbar Fascia (TG Pg. 203 M. Bentley Lecture 3/10/09)
Is Iliocostalis medial or lateral to Longissimus? (M. Bentley Lecture 3/10/09) Lateral (M. Bentley Lecture 3/10/09)
Where does longissimus thoracis attach? (TG PG. 204 M. Bentley Lecture 3/10/09) Transverse Processes of T1-T5 (upper 5) Lower 9 (or 10) Ribs (TG PG. 204 M. Bentley Lecture 3/10/09)
What are the three sections of logissimus? (TG. Pg. 204) Longissimus Thoracic Longissimus Cervicis Longissimus Capitis (TG. Pg. 204)
Where does Longissimus Cervicis attach? (TG PG 204) Transverse Processes of upper five thoracic Vertebrae (T1-T5) Transverse Processes of Cervical Vertebrae (C1-C7) (TG PG 204)
Where does Longissimus Capitis attach? (TG Pg. 204) Transverse Processes of upper five thoracic vertebrae (T1-T5) Mastoid Process (TG Pg. 204)
Where does Iliocostalis Cervicis attach? (TG Pg. 204) Posterior Surface of all ribs (1-12) Transverse processes of C4-C7 (TG Pg. 204)
Where does Iliocostalis Thoracis attach? (TG Pg. 204) Posterior Surface of all ribs (1-12) Posterior Surface first 6 ribs (1-6) (TG Pg. 204)
Where does Iliocostalis Lumborum attach? (TG Pg. 204) Tharocolumbar Fascia Medial and Lateral Sacral Crest Transverse processes of L1-L3 Posterior Surface of the last 6 ribs (6-12) (TG Pg. 204)
Is Longissimus medial or lateral to Iliocostalis? (M. Bentley Lecture 3/10/09) Medial (M. Bentley Lecture 3/10/09)
The deep paraspinals consist are also known as? (TG Pg. 206 M. Bentley Lecture 3/10/09) Transversospinalis Group (TG Pg. 206 M. Bentley Lecture 3/10/09)
What three muscles make up the Transversospinalis Group? (TG Pg. 206 M. Bentley Lecture 3/10/09) Mutifidii, Rotatores, Semispinalis Capitis (TG Pg. 206 M. Bentley Lecture 3/10/09)
What is the additional action of Iliocostalis? (M. Bentley Lecture 3/10/09) Rotates the ribs during forceful inspiration (M. Bentley Lecture 3/10/09)
What is the additional action of Logissimus? (M. Bentley Lecture 3/10/09) Rib Head Rotation (M. Bentley Lecture 3/10/09)
What are the synergists for all of the SLI Muscles? (M. Bentley Lecture 3/10/09) Spinalis, Longissimus, Iliocostalis (M. Bentley Lecture 3/10/09)
What are the actions of the deep paraspinals or transversospinalis group? (TG Pg.206 M. Bentley Lecture 3/10/09) Bilateral Extension of the Spine Unilaterally Rotates the spine in the opposite direction at the spinal segments (small movement) (TG Pg.206 M. Bentley Lecture 3/10/09)
What are the attachments of Multifidii? (TG Pg.206 M. Bentley Lecture 3/10/09) Sacrum Transverse processes of C-Spine through L-Spine (all transverse processes) Spinous Processes of C-Spine Through L-Spine except for C-1 (TG Pg.206 M. Bentley Lecture 3/10/09)
How many vertebrae does multifidii span? (TG Pg. 206) Two to Four (TG Pg. 206)
What are the attachments of Rotatores? (TG Pg. 206) Transverse processes of C-spine through T-spine (all Transverse Processes) Spinous Processes of C-Spine through T-Spine except for C1 (TG. Pg. 206)
How many vetebrae does rotatores span? (TG Pg. 206) One or Two (TG Pg. 206)
How can the deep paraspinals or transversospinalis group be described? (M. Bentley Lecture 3/10/09) Nearly Horizontal and Progressively Shorter (M. Bentley Lecture 3/10/09)
What are the synergists to the deep paraspinals for vertebral extension? (M. Bentley Lecture 3/10/09) Spinalis, Longissimus, Iliocostalis (M. Bentley Lecture 3/10/09)
What are the synergists to multifidii for unilateral rotation to the opposite side? (M. Bentley Lecture 3/10/09) Rotatores and Semispinalis Capitis (M. Bentley Lecture 3/10/09)
What are the synergists to Rotatores for unilateral rotation to the opposite side? (M. Bentley Lecture 3/10/09) Multifidii and Semispinalis Capitis (M. Bentley Lecture 3/10/09)
What are indications for problems with erector spinaes? (M. Bentley Lecture 3/10/09) Deep steady ache in the spine, Pain standing up from a chair, Pain walking up stairs, Pain in entire back anywhere from butt to back of the head (M. Bentley Lecture 3/10/09)
What are indications for problems with deep paraspinalis or transversospinalis group? (M. Bentley Lecture 3/10/09) Rib Head Subluxation, Subluxation of any kind (M. Bentley Lecture 3/10/09)
What are attachments for interspinalis? (M. Bentley Lecture 3/10/09) Spinous Processes in C-Spine and L-Spine (Some say can be found in T-Spine) Each side of interspinous ligament THESE ARE FOUND IN BETWEEN SPINOUS PROCESSES (M. Bentley Lecture 3/10/09)
What is the action of interspinalis? (M. Bentley Lecture 3/10/09) Extension of the Spine (M. Bentley Lecture 3/10/09)
What are the synergists to Interspinalis? (M. Bentley Lecture 3/10/09) Spinalis, Logissimus, Iliocostalis, Multifidii, Rotatores, Semispinalis Capitis (M. Bentley Lecture 3/10/09)
What are attachments for Intertransversii? (M. Bentley Lecture 3/10/09) Transverse Processes of C-Spine and L-Spine (Some say can be found in T-Spine) (THESE ARE IN BETWEEN TRANSVERSE PROCESSES) (M. Bentley Lecture 3/10/09)
What is unknown about intertransversii? (M. Bentley Lecture 3/10/09) Exact pattern of movement is unknown as well as muscle type (postural/phasic) (M. Bentley Lecture 3/10/09)
what is an indication of interspinalis? (M. Bentley Lecture 3/10/09) Tender Spinous Processes (M. Bentley Lecture 3/10/09)
What is the action of Levator Costarum? (M. Bentley Lecture 3/10/09) Rib Elevation (M. Bentley Lecture 3/10/09)
What are the attachments of Levator Costarum? (M. Bentley Lecture 3/10/09) 12 PAIRS ONE FOR EACH RIB Transverse Processes T7-T11 Outer Surface of the Next Rib Down (Costotransverse Joint?) (M. Bentley Lecture 3/10/09)
What are the actions of Levator Costarum? (M. Bentley Lecture 3/10/09) Elevates and Spins The ribs during inhalation Contralateral spine rotation Ipsilateral spine flexion Bilateral spine extension (M. Bentley Lecture 3/10/09)
What are the synergists to Levator Costarum? (M. Bentley Lecture 3/10/09) Serratus Posterior Superior, Intercostals, Diaphragm, Scalenes (M. Bentley Lecture 3/10/09)
What are indications of problems with Levator Costarum? (M. Bentley Lecture 3/10/09) Chronic Spinal Instability, Reduced Spine Flexion, Restricted Rotation (M. Bentley Lecture 3/10/09)
Created by: papillon.belle