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CNA 2016 C35*

Cardiovascular and respiratory disorders

QuestionAnswer
What are chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases Chronic bronchitis, emphysema
COPD interferes with O2and CO2 exchange in the lungs
What is the major cause of chronic bronchitis? smoking
A person has chronic bronchitis. You expect what signs and symptoms? productive cough, possibly with pus
A person has chronic bronchitis. Treatment involves prompt treatment of respiratory tract infections
What occurs with emphysema? alveoli become less elastic
What is the most common cause of emphysema? smoking
A resident has emphysema. You expect the person’s treatment to include breathing exercises
Wheezing and cough are common in asthma
What signals influenza in older persons? change in mental status
Influenza is caused by viruses
The CDC recommends flu vaccine for persons _________________and older. 50
Signs and symptoms of pneumonia fever, chills, painful cough, and chest pain on breathing
A resident has pneumonia. What color is the sputum? the color depends on the cause
A resident has pneumonia. Change linens as needed. True
Pneumonia from _________________ is common in older persons. aspiration
Tuberculosis is spread by airborne droplets
Persons having frequent, close contact with a TB infected individual are at risk. True
A person has TB. Which precautions are needed? isolation
Blood pressure measurement of 148/90 indicates hypertension
Hypertension is dangerous because it can damage other organs
Risk factors for hypertension that a person can change would be: weight
Hypertension can lead to stroke and heart attack
What are the major complications of coronary artery disease? angina, myocardial infarction, irregular heartbeat, and sudden death
With coronary artery disease, the coronary arteries are hardened and narrow
What risk factors for coronary artery disease can be controlled? smoking
Angina is _________________pain(s). chest
Angina occurs when the heart needs more oxygen
What are signs or symptoms of angina? pain in the jaw, neck, and down one or both arms
Angina is usually relieved by rest and nitroglycerin
A resident has angina. The person needs to have nitroglycerin available at all times
Angina not relieved by nitroglycerin and rest may signal heart attack
Tissue death occurs from a sudden lack of blood supply to the heart muscle
The pain of myocardial infarction may radiate to the neck, jaw, teeth, shoulder, and arm
Sweating, pallor, and cyanosis are common in myocardial infarction. True
After an MI, the person needs cardiac rehabilitation
Heart failure means that the heart cannot pump blood normally
A person has left-sided heart failure. Signs and symptoms include confusion, dizziness, fainting
A person has right-sided heart failure. Signs and symptoms include swollen feet and ankles
A person has heart failure. The person’s diet is likely to be sodium-controlled
What position is usually preferred by persons with heart failure? semi-fowler's position
A resident has heart failure. Providing good skin care should be included in the person’s care plan. True
A resident has heart failure. The doctor is likely to order elastic stockings
Created by: heatherhibbs