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Biology - Unit 8

Mutations & DNA Tech

Genetic modification of a bacterium by incorporation of free DNA from another ruptured bacterial cell Transformation
A point mutation that does not result in a change in the amino acid sequence. Silent mutation
A type of mutation in which a nucleotide (base) is replaced by another nucleotide. point mutation
A type of mutation in which a nucleotide (base) is added to a sequence of DNA. insertion
A type of mutation in which a nucleotide (base) is removed from a sequence of DNA. deletion
What were the two goals of the Human Genome Project? To determine how many genes humans have, & to determine what each of those genes codes for.
Using DNA Technologies or enforcing breeding (mating) restrictions to create a perfect organism or a perfect population. Eugenics
Method for rapidly producing identical copies of genes in a lab setting. Polymerase Chain Reaction
DNA Technology that deliberately alters the DNA of an organism. Genetic Engineering
When making recombinant DNA, these enzymes are involved in cutting DNA molecules at specific base sequences, revealing sticky ends. restriction enzymes
When making recombinant DNA, this enzyme forms bonds between the sticky ends. DNA Ligase
Artificial DNA formed by combining segments of DNA from two different organisms. Recombinant DNA
Patterns of DNA bands/segments that are unique to each individual. DNA fingerprints
Process of creating cells OR a whole organism that is genetically identical to a pre-existing one. Cloning