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biology chapter 18

QuestionAnswer
an infectious particle made only of a strand of DNA or RNA surrounded by a protein coat virus
any living thing organism or particle that can cause infectious disease. aka an infectious agent pathogen
infectious particles that cause disease in plants viroid
an infectious particle made only of proteins that can cause other proteins to fold incorrectly. prion
genetic material surrounded by a protein shell. a viroid capsid
viruses that infect bacteria bacteriophage
an infection pathway in which the host cell bursts, releasing the new viral offspring into the hosts system where each then infects another cell lytic infection
an infection where a phage combines its DNA into the hosts cells DNA lysogenic infection
the phage, DNA inserted into the host cells DNA. prophage
viruses differ in what and in what of entering host cells? shape and ways
what kind structure does a virus have? simple
what are the three viruses? enveloped helical and polyhedral
how do viruses of eukaryotes enter? endocytosis
Viruses of eukaryotes also fuse with what? membrane
what are the two types of infections viruses cause? lytic and lysogenic
what are some examples of viral infections? common cold influenza SARS HIV
what kind of defense does the body have against viruses? natural
vaccines are made from what? weakened pathogens
what stimulates the body's own immune response? vaccine
vaccines prepare the immune system for what? future attack
a rapid outbreak of an infection that affects many people epidemic
a rapid outbreak of an infection that affects many people epidemic
a virus that contains RNA and uses an enzyme called reverse transcriptage to make a DNA copy retrovirus
a virus that contains RNA and uses an enzyme called reverse transcriptage to make a DNA copy retrovirus
a virus that contains RNA and uses an enzyme called reverse transcriptage to make a DNA copy retrovirus
a virus that contains RNA and uses an enzyme called reverse transcriptage to make a DNA copy retrovirus
what is the body's first defense against infection the skin
a virus that contains RNA and uses an enzyme called reverse transcriptage to make a DNA copy retrovirus
what is the body's first defense against infection the skin
what is the body's first defense against infection the skin
what is the body's first defense against infection the skin
what is the body's first defense against infection the skin
what is one way in which viruses commonly enter the body through mucous membranes in the nose or mouth
what is one way in which viruses commonly enter the body through mucous membranes in the nose or mouth
what is one way in which viruses commonly enter the body through mucous membranes in the nose or mouth
what is one way in which viruses commonly enter the body through mucous membranes in the nose or mouth
how do viruses trick cells into letting them in by using their surface proteins as keys to the cells receptor
how do viruses trick cells into letting them in by using their surface proteins as keys to the cells receptor
how do viruses trick cells into letting them in by using their surface proteins as keys to the cells receptor
how do viruses trick cells into letting them in by using their surface proteins as keys to the cells receptor
how do viruses trick cells into letting them in by using their surface proteins as keys to the cells receptor
Created by: craig1823