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Chapter 14

Nurse Aide

Graduate a measuring container for measuring fluid volume
Fasting a period of time during which food is given up voluntarily
Apathy a lack of interest
Intake the fluid a person consumes; also called input
Special Diet a diet for people who have certain illnesses or conditions; also called therapeutic or modified diet
Output fluid that is eliminated each day through urine, feces, and vomitus, as well as perspiration; also includes suction material and wound drainage
Dysphagia difficulty swallowing
Metabolism the process of breaking down and transforming all nutrients that enter the body to provide energy, growth, and maintenance
Dehydration an excessive loss of water from the body; a condition that occurs when fluid loss is greater than fluid intake
Nutrition the taking in and using of food by the body to maintain health
Puree to chop, blend, or grind food into a thick paste of baby food consistency
Vegetarians people who do not eat meat, fish, or poultry for religious, moral, personal, or health reasons; they may or may not eat eggs or dairy products
Fluid Overload a condition in which the body cannot eliminate the fluid consumed
Aspiration the inhalation of food, fluid, or foreign material into the lungs
Force Fluids a medical order for a person to drink more fluids
Nutrient substance in food that enables the body to use energy metabolism
Diuretics medications that reduce fluid volume in the body
Input the fluid a person consumes; also called intake
Restrict Fluids a medical order that limits the amount of fluids a person takes in
Diet Cards cards that list residents names and information about special diets,allergies, likes and dislikes, and any other dietary instructions
Fluid Balance taking in and eliminating equal amounts of fluid
Glucose natural sugar
Malnutrition a serious condition in which a person is not getting the proper nutrition
Edema swelling in body tissues caused by excess fluid
Vegans vegetarians who do not eat any animal products, including milk, cheese, other dairy items, or eggs; vegans may also not use or wear any animal products, including wool, silk, and leather
Created by: hcps-jamesnc