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Climate Vocabulary

Earth Science

climate the average weather conditions of an area over a long period of time
precipitation can be rain, snow, sleet, and or hail
evaporation the change of state from a liquid to a gas
transpiration the evaporation of water from plants, especially leaves, but also stems, flowers, and roots
potential the ability to do something
evapotranspiration the sum of the evaporation and plant transpiration from the Earth's surface to the atmosphere
Ep it's how much water would evaporate and transpirate if there was enough water. the more insolation, the higher this will be
Ea it's how much water that actually winds up entering the atmosphere from evaporation and transpiration. limited to the amount of water available.
porosity the ratio of the volume of openings to the total volume of the materials
permeability a measure of the ability of a material to transmit fluids
capillarity the attraction between water molecules and soil. it makes water move against gravity. Think: how a paper towel absorbs water.
runoff the flow of water, from rain, snowmelt, or other sources over land
Created by: jubie