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Meteorology

TermDefinition
Atmospheric Pressure (air pressure) The pressure exerted by the weight of air in the atmosphere of Earth.
Barometer A device used in measuring air pressure.
Altitiude The height of an object in relation to sea or ground level.
Greenhouse Effect The process by which radiation from a planets atmosphere warms the planets surface to a temperature above what it would be without its atmosphere.
Anemometer An instrument used in measuring the speed of wind
Air Mass A body of air horizontally uniform temperature, humidity, and pressure.
Warm Front The boundary of an advancing mass of warm air.
Cold Front The boundary of an advancing mass of cold air.
Stationary Front A pair of air masses, neither one being able to replace the other
Occluded Front A composite front produced by occlusion
Weather Frorecast The application of science and technology to predict the state of the atmosphere at a certain location.
Meteorologist Scientist who study the atmosphere.
Cumulus A cloud forming rounded masses heaped on each other above a flat base at fairly low altitude. Usually brings fair weather.
Cirrus Cloud forming wispy filamentous tufted streaks. Usually brings fair or unpleasant weather
Stratus Cloud forming a continuous horizontal gray layered, sheet of clouds. Usually brings unpleasant weather.
Global Relating to the whole world ( worldwide)
Coriolis Effect An effect whereby a mass moving in a rotating system experiences a force acting perpendicular to the direction of motion and the axis of rotation.
Local Relating to a particular area.
Land Breeze A breeze blowing toward the sea from land.
Sea Breeze A breeze blowing toward the land from sea.
Thunderstorm A storm with thunder and lightning and typically also heavy rain or hail.
Hurricane A storm with a violent wind, in particular to a tropical cyclone in the Caribbean.
Tornado A mobile destructive vortex of violently rotating winds having the appearance of a funnel- shaped cloud.
Water Spout A rotating column water and spray formed by a whirlwind occurring over the sea or other body of water.
Lightning The occurring of a natural electrical discharge of very short duration and high voltage between a cloud or within as cloud and the ground accompanied by a big flash and also thunder
Blizzard A severe snowstorm with high winds and low visibility.
Flood An overflowing of a large amount of water beyond its normal confines, especially over what is dry land.
Created by: Favor Adetoye