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Unit 6B-Human Body

Human Body

Cells make up tissues, tissues make up ___________, organs make up organ systems. organs
What system is made up of a wide variety of tissues an organs that are responsible for voluntary and involuntary movement? Muscular
What system of the human body is responsible for carrying on the species? reproductive
The arrangement of bones, ligaments, and cartilage that hold and cushion bones in place is known as what system? skeletal
What body system is the only system we do not need to live? reproductive
What body system is made up of nerves, a spinal cord, and a brain? Nervous System
What body system consists of ductless glands throughout the body that assist in the control of life processes or metabolism? Endocrine System
Blood, the heart, and all related vessels that carry and distribute blood are a part of which body system? Circulatory System
What is the system that rids your blood of wastes and controls blood volume by removing excess water produced by cells? Excretory/Urinary
Organs in what system include the mouth, nasal cavities, larynx, the trachea, the bronchial tubes, and the lungs? Respiratory
What body system includes the mouth, esophagus, stomach, small intestine, gall bladder, pancreas, rectum, and anus? Digestive System
What is the cord of nerve tissue extending through the spinal canal of the spinal column? Spinal Cord
What is the large muscle that is the principle muscle of respiration? Diaphragm
What is the upper left chamber of the heart that receives blood from the pulmonary veins? Left Atrium
What is the upper right chamber of the heart that receives blood from the Vena Caca and Coronary Sinus? Right Atrium
What is the muscular organ stores and breaks down ingested food? Stomach
What is located below the cerebrum at the rear of the skull that coordinates balance and muscle activity? Cerebellum
What part of the brain is continuous with the spinal cord and controls reflexes, respiration, and heartbeat? Brain Stem
What is the anterior and largest part of the brain that consist of two halves? Cerebrum
What is the lower part of the brain that is continuous with the spinal cord and is part of the brain stem? Medulla
What sac-like respiratory organ serves to remove carbon dioxide and provide oxygen to the blood? Lungs
What is the muscular tube for the passage of food from the pharynx to the stomach? esophagus
What do we call either of the main branches of the trachea? bronchial tube
What is the tube that connects the mouth and nasal passage with the esophagus? Pharynx
What is the flap of cartilage that covers the windpipe while swallowing to prevent food and liquid from entering the trachea? Epiglottis
What is the upper part of the trachea that contains the vocal cords? Larynx
What is the tube that leads from the larynx to the bronchial tube and carries air into the lungs? Trachea
In this organ, digestion is completed and nutrients are absorbed by the blood. It consists of the duodenum, jejunum, and ileum. Small Intestine
What organ absorbs water and eliminates solid waste? Large Intestine
What stores bile from the liver until it's needed for digestion? Gall Bladder
What organ makes insulin and substances that stops the action of stomach acid; it also produces enzymes that break down carbohydrates, fats, and proteins into the small intestine? It is located behind the stomach. Pancreas
What secretes bile to break down food and removes waste from the blood? Liver
What is the average life span of a human? 70-75
What are the 4 Stages of Growth and Development? Infancy Childhood Adolescence Adulthood
What is know as the time from birth to death? Life Span
What stage of growth and development last from birth to around 18 months in age? Infancy
What is the final stage of growth and development? Adulthood
What stage of growth and development extends from infancy to sexual maturity (puberty)? Childhood
What stage of growth and development begins around age 12 or 13;includes puberty and a final growth spurt? Adolescence
Created by: Tabatha Walker